DEFEAT  打敗

WIN against someone USING VIOLENCE AND DESTRUCTION, OFTEN USING MILITARY FORCE.
BEATCONQUERWIN AGAINSTTRIUMPH OVERGET THE BETTER OFVANQUISHROUTTROUNCEOVERCOMEOVERPOWERCRUSHSUBDUEINFORMAL LICKTHRASHWHIPWIPE THE FLOOR WITHMAKE MINCEMEAT OFCLOBBERSLAUGHTERDEMOLISHCREAMSKUNKNOSE OUT
Antonymy

FAIL

See also

LOSE

Kind Of

WIN

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for defeating someoneor some state in any form of battle is bài 敗.

2. Pò 破 (ant. quán 全 "leave intact") refers to a complete routing of an opponent.

3. Jìn 盡 refers to the complete annihilation of an opponent.

4. Fù 覆 refers to the inflicting of a major defeat with lasting effects on an army.

5. Qīng 傾 refers to the toppling of a system of government.

6. Wáng 亡 (ant. cún 存 "allow to survive") refers specifically to causing the discontinuation of a state.

7. Cuò 挫 refers specifically to inflicting a military defeat on an army.

8. Bài jī 敗績 refers to a major military defeat.

9. Fù 負 occasionally refers to a defeat suffered, but usually in the combination shèng fù 勝負, and as a verb it does not take objects or complements. See FAIL

Modern Chinese Criteria

打敗

戰敗

擊敗

挫敗

摧敗

擊破

擊潰

粉碎

重創

克敵制勝

克服

戰勝

消滅

撲滅

掃滅

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

APRESJAN 2004 Novyj objasnitel'nyj Slovar' Sinonimov Russkogo Jazyka 837

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 20.42

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 118
  • VPi : 16
  • nab : 13
  • vi : 8
  • VPtoN : 6
  • VPt+prep+N : 2
  • vt(oN) : 2
  • vt prep N : 1
  • nab(.post-N) : 1
  • vtoN : 1
  • NPab : 1
  • nab.post-V{NUM} : 1
  • v[adN] : 1
  • vtpost.npro:+prep+N : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 81
  • 韓非子 : 34
  • 戰國策 : 9
  • 說苑 : 7
  • 管子 : 7
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 6
  • 臨濟錄 : 6
  • 孫子 : 3
  • 墨子 : 2
  • 鹽鐵論 : 2
  • 史記 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

   bài OC: braads MC: bɣɛi 81 Attributions

The current general word for defeating someoneor some state in any form of battle is bài 敗.

  • nabactread braads: defeat, failure
  • vipassiveread braads: be defeated, suffer defeat
  • vtoNread praads: inflict defeat on
  • vtoNallowread braads: allow oneself to be defeated
  • vt(oN)causativeread braads: cause to be defeated
  • vtoNcausativeread praads: defeat (oneself)
  • vtoNmiddle voiceread braads: be defeated; suffer defeat
  • vtoNpassiveread braads: be defeated by N 再敗楚師 "be defeated by the Chu army for a second time" (Many ATTRIBUTIONS NEED TO BE MOVED TO FAIL)
  • vtpost.npro:+prep+Npermissiveread braads: allow (oneself) to be defeated by N 自敗於秦
  • nab(.post-N)one's defeat
敗績   bài jī OC: braads skleeɡ MC: bɣɛi tsek 17 Attributions

Bài jī 敗績 refers to a major military defeat.

  • VPimiddle voicebe utterly defeated, suffer a severe defeat; be ruined (of a state)
  • VPt+prep+Npassiveget defeated
   pò OC: phaals MC: phʷɑ 16 Attributions

Pò 破 (ant. quán 全 "leave intact") refers to a complete routing of an opponent.

  • vtoNHF 1.2.57: rout (the enemy one faces), smash the opponent
  • vtoNpassivebe defeated, be completely routed
   cuò OC: skools MC: tsʷɑ 10 Attributions

Cuò 挫 refers specifically to inflicting a military defeat on an army.

  • vtoNput down and defeat
  • vtoNmiddle voiceget defeated
  • vipsych/actfeel defeated and behave accordingly
   fù OC: phuɡ MC: phuk 9 Attributions

Fù 覆 refers to the inflicting of a major defeat with lasting effects on an army.

  • vtoNcausativecause to fall over, cause to topple> cause to be defeated
  • vtoNcausativedefeat (oneself), bring about one's own defeat
   jìn OC: dzinʔ MC: dzin 7 Attributions

Jìn 盡 refers to the complete annihilation of an opponent.

  • vtoNrout completely, wipe out completely
  • vtoNpassivebe routed completely
   fù OC: bɯʔ MC: bɨu 7 Attributions

Fù 負 occasionally refers to a defeat suffered, but usually in the combination shèng fù 勝負, and as a verb it does not take objects or complements. See FAIL

  • nabresultdefeat
  • v[adN]nonreferentialloser
  • viacthave been defeated, have lost
  • vipassiveto suffer defeat, be defeated
  • vtoNfigurativedefeat > be better than, be superior to, be preferable to
   fú OC: bɯɡ MC: buk 4 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativesubjugate, cause to surrender to one; subdue
大敗   dà bài OC: daads braads MC: dɑi bɣɛi 4 Attributions
  • VPtoNinflict a heavy defeat on N
  • VPtoNmiddle voiceread braads: be heavily defeated
   kuì OC: ɡluuds MC: ɦuo̝i 3 Attributions
  • vichangebe defeated, be routed
   qīng OC: khʷleŋ MC: khiɛŋ 2 Attributions

Qīng 傾 refers to the toppling of a system of government. xxx

  • nabeventnominal: the overturn/ruin
  • vtoNtopple, overturn (a state)
  • vtoNpassivebe defeated; totter
   cuī OC: sɡluul MC: dzuo̝i 2 Attributions
  • vtoNdestroy and defeat (an army)
   shī MC: syit OC: lʰiɡ 2 Attributions
  • vt prep Npassivebe defeated by
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe defeated
   běi OC: pɯɯɡ MC: pək 1 Attribution
  • nab.post-V{NUM}passivedefeat, loan for
   zhú OC: rlɯwɡ MC: ɖuk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNdefeat so as to cause to flee> drive into flight; German: in die Flucht schlagen
不勝   bù shèng OC: pɯʔ lʰɯŋs MC: pi̯ut ɕɨŋ 1 Attribution

defeat

  • NPabeventdefeat
亡敗   wáng bài OC: maŋ braads MC: mi̯ɐŋ bɣɛi 1 Attribution
  • VPisuffer some kind of ruin or defeat
敗闕   bài què, quē OC: praads khod MC: pɣɛi khi̯ɐt 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpassivebe defeated
   sàng MC: sangH OC: smaaŋs 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbe defeated by N
   bì  MC:  OC: beds  1 Attribution
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe defeated; fall into ruin
折衝   zhé chōng MC: tsyet -- OC: kljed thjoŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNforce the retreat of enemy N
   wáng OC: maŋ MC: mi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions

Wáng 亡 (ant. cún 存 "allow to survive") refers specifically to causing the discontinuation of a state.

  • vtoNHF 1.2: cause the discontinuation of (a state), ruin (a country)
摧伏   cuī fú OC: sɡluul bɯɡ MC: dzuo̝i buk 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNfigurativedefeat and cause to surrender > subjugate
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vt prep Npassivebe defeated by
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNbe defeated by N
敗北   bài běi bò běi MC: baejH pok OC: braads pɯɯɡ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNpassivebe defeated; suffer defeat

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: