Taxonomy of meanings for 與:

  • yú (OC: k-la MC: jiɔ) 以諸切 平 廣韻:【同歟本又餘佇切 】
  • nil (OC: la MC: jiɔ) 余吕切 上 廣韻:【与古文 】
  • yǔ (OC: k-laʔ MC: jiɔ) 余吕切 上 廣韻:【同與 】
  • yǔ (OC: k-laʔ MC: jiɔ) 余吕切 上 廣韻:【善也待也説文曰黨與也余吕切又余譽二音七 】
  • yù (OC: k-las MC: jiɔ) 羊洳切 去 廣韻:【參與也 】
    • INTERACT
      • vtoNdeal with; interact with; interfere with, meddle with; get involved in; be implicated in; participate in
      • vtoNpassivebe dealt with, be handled
      • vt prep Nbe concerned with and interact with
      • vt(oN.)adVwhen interacting with the contextually determinate N
      • JOIN
        • v[adN]persons who are present (at a meeting etc)
        • vt(oN)join (a contextually determinate occasion)
        • vt+prep+Nattend (e.g. meetings); join (e.g. people)
        • vtoNjoin, associate with, get together with
        • vtoNabjoin (an activity, a meeting, etc), participate in
        • in battle>FIGHT
          • vtoNtake on (as an opponent), engage in conflict with (an opponent)
        • in alliance>CONTRACT
          • vtoNenter into an association or alliance with
        • in walking/travelling>ACCOMPANY
          • vtoNbe in the company of, keep company with, come along together with; be part of (a company)
          • metaphorical: along the same lines (though not together)>ALSO
            • vt(+N.)adValongside, alike, also
            • vt+prep+Nbe also in/among the N
        • in opinion>ASSENT
          • vtoNside with, agree with; give aid to
        • in behaviour>CONFORM
          • vtoN.adVin conformity with (like 以)
        • in common effort>COOPERATE
          • vadNcooperating, allied, associated
          • vt[oN]be affably cooperative
          • vt+prep+Nbe complicit with; have connections with; be implicated in; be on good practical terms with
          • vt+V[0]be a participant in V-ing
          • vtoNbe on the side of; associate with, cooperate with, have dealings with; join in with
          • vtoNmutualcooperate (with each other)
          • vt(oN)join; cooperate with; join as a supporter
          • vtoNpassivebe cooperated with, be associated with
          • cooperating human>FRIEND
            • nnonreferentialpolitical associates
            • npluralallies, allied states; political associate, member of the same faction; accomplice
          • in an effort undertaken by another>HELP
              • grammaticalised>FOR
                • vt(oN.)adVfour you; for me
                • DELETEfor N to V
                • vtoN.adVfor (often marking the indirect object)
              • through transfer>GIVE
                • vttoN1.+N2hand over (something N2) to (someone N1), typically as demanded; give (as appropriate under the circumstances, but without having to
                • nabactthe act of giving or conferring presents
                • vtt(oN1.)+N2omgive the contextually determinate thing N1 to someone N2
                • vtt(oN1.)(+N2)hand the contextually determinate thing over to a contextually determinate person
                • vtt[oN1.+N2]make gifts, give out presents, confer presents on people; specifically: give out rewards
                • vtoNN=beneficiarygive presents to N, confer presents on N
                • vttoN1.post-vt(oN2)omgive the determinate object to (a beneficiary)
                • vttoN1:postvtoN2give (something) to (a beneficiary)
                • vtt(oN1.)+N2N1=recipientgive (something N2) to a contextually determinate recipient N1
                • vtt(oN1.)+N2reflexive.自confer something contextually determinate upon (oneself)
                • vttoN1.post-vt(oN2)give
                • vtoN1.postN2:adN3the N3 given to N1 by N2
                • vttoN1.+N2N1=gift.N2=recipientgive
                • vttoN1.+N2figurativeadminister N2 to N1
                • vtoNN=giftgive away N to someone
                • vtt(oN1).+N2:-V[0]give N1 to N2 to V
                • vttoN1.+N2:-Vgive N1 to N2 for N2 to V it
                • vtt(oN1.)+N2give N2 to the contextually determinate N1
                • vtt+N1.oN2imperativegive N2 to N1!
                • vttoN1(.+N2)give N1 to the contextually determinate N2
                • vtt[N1.] N2give things to somebody; make gifts to somebody
                • vttoN1.postN2N2 was given to N1
            • of money, pay up>PAY
              • vtoNpay
            • of rights, powers or authority>YIELD
              • vtt(oN1.)+N2GIVE THE REINS OF GOVERNMENT TO> give precedence to???
              • vtoNhand over to, i.e. hand over power to (someone)
            • permission>PERMIT
              • vtt(oN.)+V[0]permit/allow a contextually determinate person to V
          • causative>COMPARE
            • vtoN1.postN2:+VN1 and N2 > N1 compared to N2 (in constructions were N1 is compared to a N2)
            • vttoN1:postvtoN2compare with
          • grammaticalised: in interaction with and thus “by”>PASSIVE MARKER
            • vtoN.adVN=agentthis is a rare usage of 與 marking the agent in passive construction
        • interacting with>WITH
          • vt(oN.)adVomwith him, with them, etc. 與戰fought a battle with him, 與知: Greek suneidein "be co-aware of"
          • vtoN.adVhostile與秦戰 with, against
          • vtoN.adVhostilewith
          • vtoN.adVinteractin interaction with; in association with; with; in collusion with, in cooperation with (NB: MOVE THE HOSTILE CASES TO THE HOSTILE VARIANT!)
          • vtoN.adVjointlywith
          • vtoN.adVjointlyjointly with (a list of people)
          • vtoN.adVrelational(compared/related etc) with
          • vtoN1(.postN2):adVinteractwith (subject omitted immediately in front of yǔ 與)
          • vtoN1(.postN2):adVjointlyjointly, together
          • vtoNpro.adVinteract與之盟/戰
          • vtoNpro.adVjointlywith 相與食
          • vtoNpro.adVrelationalwith
          • vtpostSUO.adVwith whom 所與備人
          • vtpostN.adVwith
          • vt[postSUO].adVsomebody with whom one Vs
          • between nominals: as a pair>AND
            • vtoN.postNpro:postVtand also, and in addition
            • vtoN1.postN2:+Vand 吾與汝俱不如也
            • vtoN1.postN2:+Stopicand 父與夫孰親
            • vtoN1.postN2:+Vmultipleas well as, and in addition
            • vtoN1.postN2:adN3adnominaland 非我與吾子之罪
            • vtoN1.postN2:postVtN=multipleand (conjoining objects) 。
            • vtoN1.postN2:postVtobjectand 衛侯逐公叔戍與其黨,
            • vtoN1.postN2:postVtN=abstractand (conjoining abstract N) 禮與信
            • vtoN1.postN2:postVt:.+Vpivotand (conjoining pivots) 使公子燮與子儀守
            • as another alternative>OR
              • vt+V1.postadV2or (between verbals)
              • vtoN1.postN2or (between nominals)
      • current: =yu2 歟MODAL PARTICLES
        • ppostadStentativesentence final particle indicating a tentative modality: perhaps?
        JIE HUIQUAN 2005: 1028