Taxonomy of meanings for 於:

  • wū (OC: qaa MC: ʔuo) 哀都切 平 廣韻:【古作於戲今作嗚呼 】
  • yú (OC: qa MC: ʔiɔ) 央居切 平 廣韻:【俗於 】
  • yú (OC: qa MC: ʔiɔ) 央居切 平 廣韻:【居也代也語辭也又商於地名亦姓今淮南有之央居切又音烏五 】
    • RELATION
      • vt[0]oN.postadVin relation to, with respect to; in the matter of
      • vt0oN.adSrelating to, concerning
      • vt0oN.postVtt+npro白之於君 prepositition after a ditransitive verb with an object
      • vtoN.adVactrelating to, dealing with
      • vtoN.adVstativein relation to, within the field of, etc
      • vtoNstativerelate to; be directed towards
      • vtoN1.post:N2{SUBJ}+ZHI:.adVx之於y(也) "As for X's relation to Y,...
      • vtoN.postadVin relation to; as compared to (see also THAN)
      • source>FROM
        • vtoN.adVtfrom
        • vtoN.postV{PASS}from 得於"be obtained from"
        • vt[0]oN1.postVtt(oN2)N1=sourcefrom somebody (after a ditransitive verb with an omitted direct object)
        • vtoN.postadVfrom
        • +vtoN1.postadN2N2 from N1
        • abstract quantitative>THAN
          • vt[0]oN.postadVgradedthan (introduces the object of comparison after a stative verb in comparative)
        • temporal>WHEN
          • vtoN.adVN=timeat the time of
          • vtoS.adV{PRED}:postN{SUBJ}at the time of S1, N V-ed
          • vtoV.postadNat the stage when N V-s
      • goal>TOWARDS
        • vt[0]oN.postadVto
        • vtoN(.postVt)perform the omitted Vt-action in the direction of, for the benefit of N
        • abstract>FOR
          • vt[0]oN.postadVfor
          • vtoN.adVfor; for the sake of
          • vtoN.adVreflexive.己for (oneself)
          • vtoNbe for
          • vtoV(0).postadVfor the sake of it V-ing> so that
        • verbal>REACH
          • vt0oNab{S}at the stage of S
          • vt[0]oN.postadVto, towards
          • vt0oN.adSwhen it comes to N, when it came to the time N
          • abstract>OBJECT MARKER
            • vt[0]oN.postVtempty object marker used only as a filler to make quadrisyllabic or pentasyllabic lines as required.
    • between>AMONG
      • vt[0]postadN[NU]from among
      • vtoN.adVamong
      • vtoN.postadVamong the N
      • semantic: by>PASSIVE MARKER
        • vt[0]oN.postadV{PASS}passivising particle: "by" 殺於人 "literally: was killed (the killing) being from/by someone else> be killed by someone else"
      • derived full verb>BE IN
        • vt[0]oN.adVin (indicating place in front of the main verb)
        • vt[0]oN.postadVfigurativein, at, for
        • vt[0]oN.postadVliteralin; at; to; from; by
        • vt0oN.adSat the time of N S happened [See REACH, and 於是 for a large set of examples.]
        • vtoN.adSN=placeat the place N S happened: [no examples before whole sentences found so far]
        • vtoNto be in; to be at; be conducted in/at (place or time)
        • vtoNN=timebe at (a time N)
        • vtoN.adSN=timeat the time N
        • vtoN.postadVat, in, near
        • vtoN.postadVN=timeat the time N; during the period N
        • continuative>REMAIN
          • vtoNremain [watch out if this is not standardly 於!!!]
          • intellectually: dwell on>THINK
            • vtoNfocus on 不於 "does not concentrate on; does not focus on, does not think of as relevant"
      • psychological>RELY ON
        • vtoNfigurativebe (abstractly) in> depend on; be based on
        • vtoN.postadVrelying on; based on
        • behavioural>CONFORM
          • vt[0]oN.postadVon the basis of
          • vt[0]oN.postadVreflexive.己on the basis of oneself
          • vtoNconform to [See also the entries for this word under RELY ON and THINK.
    • wu1 EXCLAMATORY PARTICLE JIE HUIQUAN 2005: 1009