Taxonomy of meanings for 也:

  • 也 yě (OC: lalʔ MC: jia) 羊者切 上 廣韻:【語助辝之終也 】
    • non-narrative post-sententialMODAL PARTICLES
      • ppostadN{PRED}classificationis to be classified as N
      • ppostadN{PRED}identificationbe identical with N
      • ppostadSjudgementalmarks a judgmenal non-narrative verbal sentence, often as being basic
      • ppostadSgeneralmarks the generality of an imperative as being not limited to a certain occasion or time
      • ppostadSimperativesentence final particle in imperative or injunctive sentences
      • ppostadSdescriptivefinal particle marking non-narrative judgemental descriptive statements
      • ppostadSnarrative.conclusionmarker of a conclusion of a narrative.
      • ppostadSperfectivesentence final indicating perfective (like 矣, usually co-ocurring with 已)
      • ppostadSalternativemarker of second of two alternative judgmental questions
      • ppostadSquestionmarks a judgmental question sentence 何謂也What does this mean?
      • ppostadSS=descriptive翕如也 ”is in unison“ sentence final particle after descriptive non-narrative sentences
      • ppostadSexplanatorymarking a judgment explanatory of what precedes
      • ppostadSnominalisernominalising final particle
      • ppostadSreasonit is/was because
      • npostadV.adSsubordinate adverbial verb phrase marker
      • ppostadS1.adS2conditionalfactual, not narrative: if it is a fact that, if it is true that
      • ppostadS1.adS2temporalWhen
      • ppostadNPab{S}. V{PRED}temporalmarking temporal subordinate clause: When
      • ppostadNP{PRED}.adS2counterfactualcounterfactual conditional with a nominal predicate subordinate clause
      • ppostadSmarker of sentential complements, which are typically nominalised by 之/其
      • ppostadNP{PRED}.adS2causal: marking causal subordinate clause: Since
      • ppostadSclassificationit is a case of S, it means that S
      • topicalising>TOPIC MARKER
        • ppostadN.adSpostnominal particle, topic marker
        • ppostadNPab{S}.+V{PRED}intensitiveafter a nominalised clause which is used as topic
        • ppostadSnominaliserpost-sentential topic marker, marker of sentence topics
        • ppostadVnominaliserthat which is V
        • ppostadV1.adV2與其奢也寧儉rather than being lavish one should be economic
        • ppostN.+Vas for N, V
        • ppostN.+VN=nonhuafter topics other than personal names
        • ppostNpr{SUBJ}.+V{PRED}after personal names: that fellow NN; our friend NN; our friends NN and NN
        • ppostNpr{SUBJ}.+V{PRED}topic"I"after personal names referring to the speaker
        • ppostNpr{SUBJ}.postV{PRED}topicour friend NN, that fellow NN
        • ppostNpr{SUBJ}.+V{PRED}pronominal useyou, my friend Npr
        • ppostNpr{PIVOT}使獲也佐吾子
      • conditional>IF
        • ppostadS1.adS2if ever S; even if ever
    • temporal>WHEN
      • ppostadNPab{S1}.adS2subordinatewhen
      • ppostadN.adSat the time N
      • ppostadNPab{S1}.adS2subject=timewhen
      • ppostadS1.adS2modal particle marking off subordinate temporal clause
      • ppostadS1.adS2subject=timewhen 吾少也賤 "when I was young I was of humble status"
      • ppostadV1.adV2after V1-ing, when V1-ing
      • post-verbal> INTENSELY JIE HUIQUAN 2005: 851