Taxonomy of meanings for 何:

  • 何 hé (OC: ɡlaal MC: ɦɑ) 胡歌切 平 廣韻:【辝也説文儋也又姓出自周成王母弟唐叔虞後封於韓韓滅子孫分散江淮間音以韓爲何字隨音變遂爲何氏出廬江東海陳郡三望胡歌切七 】
    • person>WHO
      • npro.adNquestionwhich N?
      • npro{PRED}who is it; who was it?; who could it be?
      • npro+V{PRED}
      • npro{whose}whose
      • object>WHOM
        • npro{OBJ}+Vtvery rarely: whom
        • impersonal: what object?>WHAT
          • npro.+Vtt:+Nreference=object何謂五美 "what are the five beautiful things"
          • npro.adNquestionwhat (e.g. time) 何時
          • npro.adNquestionwhat ((kind of) predicate 何人"what kind of person is he?"
          • npro.adNrhetorical questionwhat N on earth? i.e. none of the N kind
          • npro.adNobjectwhat kind of N?
          • npro.postVt:adV[0]V-ing what object of a coverb> what? e.g. 從何生?
          • npro.postVtreference=objectwhat?
          • npro{OBJ}+Vt.adV何以知其然 "using what does one know that this is so?"
          • npro{OBJ}+Vt.adVexpected answer: no!何以事君?what?
          • npro{OBJ}+Vtwhat (object?)
          • npro{OBJ}+Vtexpected answer: no!whatever does the subject V? (i.e. nothing!)
          • npro{PRED}.postN{SUBJ}what is (the subject)
          • npro{PRED}(postN{SUBJ})what is it?
          • npro{SUBJ}+V{PRED}subjectwhat (non-human subject)?
          • nprowhat (on earth)
          • nprowhat object on earth
          • npro{PRED}.postN{SUBJ}rhetoricalwhat on earth is it?
        • because of what object?>WHY
          • npro.adNPab{S}why 何其多能也
          • npro.postNPab{S}why is it so?
          • npro.postSquestionwhy is it the case that S?; why is it so?, what is the reason of it?......,何也?
          • padSquestionwhy?
          • padVquestionwhy? (unknown answer invited)
          • padVexpected answer: no!why? (assumed answer: surely there is no good reason!)
          • padVrhetoricalwhy on earth
          • DELETErhetoricalwhy on earth? (one surely does not know why!)
          • ppostNwhat is the reason for N?
          • npro{PRED}.postNab{S}{SUBJECT}Why is it that S
          • by what means>HOW
            • npro.adN{PRED}expected answer: no!How?
            • npro.adNPab{S}how 何德之衰
            • npro.adVhow? in what way?
            • npro.adVexpected answer: no!how on earth? How on earth could you/he/I? 回何敢死? 丘何敢乎?何足憂?
            • npro.postVhow? 如之何
            • npro.postVexpected answer: no!如樂何
            • npro(.adV)what to do? (synonymous with 何如)
            • padVrhetoricalmildly rhetorical: how on earth
            • npro.adNPab{S}How is is possible that S?
            • p,postSabsolute: Why is this? 何也?
            • npro{PRED}.postSnon-rhetoricalHow is it possible that S
            • PP+SHow should it be that S?
            • how!>INTENSELY
              • npro.adNPab{S}rhetorical questionHow true it is that S!
  • 何 hè (OC: ɡlaalʔ MC: ɦɑ) 胡可切 上 廣韻:【同荷 】 JIE HUIQUAN 2005: 248