ASPIRATION  志向志於

PERSONAL CONCENTRATED MAIN EFFORT in one's LIFE.
AMBITIONAMBITIOUSHOPE FORDREAM OFLONG FORYEARN FORSET ONE'S HEART ONWISH FORWANTBE DESIROUS OFAIM FORSEEKPURSUESET ONE'S SIGHTS ON
Taxonoymy

ENTHUSIASM

Antonymy

AVOID

Kind Of

EFFORT

Old Chinese Criteria

[[COMMON/RARE]]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

[LASTING/TEMPORARY]

1. The general term for an aspiration is zhì 志 and verbally zhì yú 志於 "aspire to", and this term always refers to life-long highest aim.

[GENERAL]; [[COMMON]]

2. Xiàng 向 may occasionally refer to any kind of ambition or aspiration.

[GENERAL]; [[RARE]]

3. Wàng 望 may refer to a temporary aspiration to be like someone else which is, however, perhaps somewhat stronger than a mere hope of being like that person. See also HOPE.

[TEMPROARY]

Modern Chinese Criteria

理想

志向

抱負

心胸

胸襟

雄心

壯志

雄心壯志

豪情壯志

遠志

篤志

壯心

夢想

幻想

妄想

空想

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

COMENIUS 1665 De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione 464

APPETERE rem concupitam petere. Infert ergo 1. bonum aliqvod. 2. ejus desiderium. 3. pro illo adipiscendo studium.

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum 37

AMBITIO

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 1.255

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 10.269

STREBEN

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 266

WEBER 1857 Democritus Ridens 4.283

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • nab : 40
  • vt+prep+N : 5
  • nab[.post-N] : 4
  • nab.+prep+N : 4
  • NPab : 4
  • vtoN : 3
  • VPtoN : 3
  • nab : 2
  • VPt prep N : 1
  • NP : 1
  • vadN : 1
  • vt+V[0] : 1
  • VPt+V[0] : 1

Attributions by text

  • 論語 : 16
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 8
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 6
  • 荀子 : 5
  • 賢愚經 : 5
  • 說苑 : 4
  • 春秋左傳 : 4
  • 史記 : 3
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 2
  • 中說 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 韓非子 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 五行 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1
  • 法句經 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1
  • 穆天子傳 : 1

Words

   zhì OC: kljɯs MC: tɕɨ 54 Attributions

The general term for an aspiration is zhì 志 and verbally zhì yú 志於 "aspire to", and this term always refers to life-long highest aim. [GENERAL]; [[COMMON]]

  • nabpsychone's high intent; one's aspirations; one's moral aspiration, one's highest ambition; one's main tendencyBUDDH: religious aspirations
  • vadNtruly aspiring, determined
  • vt+prep+Naspire to, have one's mind set on 志於
  • vt+V[0]aspire to V
  • vtoNaspire towards
  • nab.+prep+Naspiration for N; initiative for; concern for
  • nab[.post-N]my aspirations; one's aspirations
望 / 望   wàng OC: maŋs MC: mi̯ɐŋ (wáng) OC: maŋ MC: mi̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions

Wàng 望 may refer to a temporary aspiration to be like someone else which is, however, perhaps somewhat stronger than a mere hope of being like that person. See also HOPE. [TEMPROARY] Wàng 望 may refer to a temporary aspiration to be like someone else which is, however, perhaps somewhat stronger than a mere hope of being like that person. See also HOPE. [TEMPROARY]

  • vtoNaspire to be like; emulate
求願   qiú yuàn OC: ɡu ŋɡons MC: gɨu ŋi̯ɐn 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNaspire to
   zhì MC: tsyiH OC: kljɯs 2 Attributions
  • nabderogatorypsychological: (vulgar worldly) ambitions
仰求   yǎng qiú OC: ŋaŋʔ ɡu MC: ŋi̯ɐŋ gɨu 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNaspire to, seek with devotion
志信   zhì xìn OC: kljɯs sins MC: tɕɨ sin 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychspiritual determination; courage of one's own convictions
志願   zhì yuàn OC: kljɯs ŋɡons MC: tɕɨ ŋi̯ɐn 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychdetermination
所願   suǒ yuàn OC: sqraʔ ŋɡons MC: ʂi̯ɤ ŋi̯ɐn 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychaspirations
氣志   qì zhì OC: khɯds kljɯs MC: khɨi tɕɨ 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychenergetic aspirations
發意   fā yì OC: pod qɯɡs MC: pi̯ɐt ʔɨ 1 Attribution
  • VPt[oN]aspire to the Buddhist dharma
  • VPt+V[0]develop an aspiration to
   qíng OC: dzeŋ MC: dziɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • nabpsychologicalaspiration 不移情 "refuse to change one's aspirations"
加志   jiā zhì MC: kae tsyiH OC: kraal kljɯs 1 Attribution
  • VPt prep Ndirect one's aspirations towards
   zhì 1 Attribution
  • nabderivedmoral convictions
志士   zhì shì MC: tsyiH dzriX OC: kljɯs dzrɯʔ 1 Attribution
  • NPperson of high ideals; person of high aspiration; person of high ambition
   xiàng OC: qhaŋs MC: hi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions

Xiàng 向 may occasionally refer to any kind of ambition or aspiration. [GENERAL]; [[RARE]]

  • vtoNhave as one's aim.
寸心   cùn xīn OC: tshuuns slɯm MC: tshuo̝n sim 0 Attributions
  • NPabpsychaspiration
   mìng OC: mɢreŋs MC: mɣaŋ 0 Attributions
  • nabpsychmission in life; main purpose in life; vocation
   qì OC: khɯds MC: khɨi 0 Attributions
  • nabpsychdynamic commitment
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • nabderogatorypsychological: (vulgar worldly) ambitions

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: