BONE  骨頭

INTENSELY HARD BODY TISSUE.
Taxonoymy

SPINERIBFISH BONE

Antonymy

FLESH

Kind Of

BODY TISSUE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. By far the most general and current word for all kinds of bones is gǔ 骨.

[GENERAL]; [[CURRENT+]]

2. Hái 骸 refers to the set of bones that constutute the skeleton in a living or dead person, and the word is often used collectively to refer by synecdoche either to the living or to the dead body.

[COLLECTIVE]

3. Gé 骼 refer to the set of bones that constitute the skeleton.

[ARCHAIC], [COLLECTIVE], [GENERAL] [TECHNICAL-TERM]; [[RARE]]

3. Gàn 幹 refers to the backbone or to the ribs as the bones which hold up the shape of the chest.

[SPECIFIC], [TECHNICAL-TERM]

4. Xié 脅 refers specifically to the ribs. See RIB

[SPECIFIC]; [[CURRENT]]

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

BODY 28.

骨,一切骨頭的通稱。

骼,死人和死動物沒有殘肉的骨頭。

骴,死人和死動物留有殘肉的骨頭。

骸,多用於死人的骨頭。

Modern Chinese Criteria

骨頭

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 4.16

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 4.162

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 6

KNOCHENGERUEST, KNOCHEN

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 3.1223

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 20
  • ncc : 15
  • n(post-N) : 1
  • n[post-N] : 1
  • NP : 1

Attributions by text

  • 呂氏春秋 : 4
  • 莊子 : 4
  • 賢愚經 : 4
  • 春秋左傳 : 3
  • 禮記 : 3
  • 論衡 : 3
  • 韓非子 : 3
  • 韓詩外傳 : 3
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 法句經 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1

Words

   hái OC: ɡrɯɯ MC: ɦɣɛi 15 Attributions

Hái 骸 refers to the set of bones that constutute the skeleton in a living or dead person, and the word is often used collectively to refer by synecdoche either to the living or to the dead body. [COLLECTIVE]

  • nccpluralhuman bones in the living body or as part of a skeleton
   gǔ OC: kuud MC: kuot 12 Attributions

By far the most general and current word for all kinds of bones is gǔ 骨. [GENERAL]; [[CURRENT+]]

  • nbone, typically of a dead human or animal; but also, occasionally in a living creature
  • nreflexiveone's own bones
  • n[post-N]bones of humans
  • n(post-N)the bones of a contextually determinate person
骸骨   hái gǔ OC: ɡrɯɯ kuud MC: ɦɣɛi kuot 3 Attributions
  • npluralbones of all kinds
胔 / 髊   zì OC: dzes MC: dziɛ zì OC: sɡals MC: dziɛ 2 Attributions
  • nbones with flesh on them
   gé OC: kraaɡ MC: kɣɛk 2 Attributions

Hái 骸 and the rarer as well as more technical gé 骼refer to the set of bones that constitute the skeleton.

  • ndried bones, skeleton
   suǐ OC: sqlolʔ MC: siɛ 2 Attributions
  • nmarrow of the bone
   gàn OC: kaans MC: kɑn 1 Attribution

Gàn 幹 refers to the backbone or to the ribs as the bones which hold up the shape of the chest. [SPECIFIC], [TECHNICAL-TERM]

  • nbones; backbone
骨髓   gǔ suǐ OC: kuud sqlolʔ MC: kuot siɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPmarrow of the bones; bones and marrow
   xié OC: qhlob MC: hi̯ɐp 0 Attributions

Xié 脅 refers specifically to the ribs. xxx

  • nribs
   qiāo OC: khreew MC: khɣɛu 0 Attributions
  • ntibia

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: