Taxonomy of meanings for 用:

  • yòng (OC: k-loŋs MC: jioŋ) 余頌切 去 廣韻:【使也貨也通也以也庸也又姓漢有用蚪爲髙唐令余頌切一 】
    • USE
      • vadNpassiveused, expended 用力 "effort expended"
      • vibe useable
      • vt(oN.)adVusing the contextually determinate N to V
      • vt(oN)make use of (with contextually determinate object)
      • vt+prep+Nhave use for
      • vtoN.-V[0]use N so as to V
      • vtoN.adVusing, by the use of, making use of
      • vtoNuse (an object as an instrument); use to one's benefit; apply
      • vtoNfigurativeuse (advice etc.) so as to act in accordance with it > follow
      • vtoNpassivebe used; be employed/manifested; be put to use, be put into practice; be used up
      • vtoNpsychmake use of (oneself)
      • vtoNreflexive.自use one's own resources/oneself; deploy one's own person
      • vtoNstativehave use for
      • vttoN1.+prep+N2use N1 on N2; apply N1 to N2
      • in late Shang rituals>SACRIFICE
        • vtoNcommon in OBI: sacrifice
      • as nourishment>EAT
        • vt(oN)polite: eat the contextually determinate edible thing N
    • grammaticalised: using as a motive>INTEND
      • vt(+N.)adV1:postV2omintending thereby to V1; (V2) in order to (V1) (used like 以)
      • preferentially>CHOOSE
        • vtoNchoose to use, choose to make use of, choose to carry out in practice (words); act on, act according to
        • vtoNpassivebe used, be applied; be put into practice
        • course of action>ACT
          • nabactenactment
          • vtoNput into practice; deploy in practice; act on the basis of
          • vtoNpassivebe deployed in practice
          • vt(oN)put into practice, act on the basis of the contextually determinate N
      • of subordinate persons>EMPLOY
        • vt(oN)employ the contextually determinate person
        • vtoNmake use of the services of (a horse etc), employ (armed force etc); employ (a person); make proper use of
        • vtoNpositivemake proper use of
        • vtoNpassivebe employed, get employed
      • of what was inactive>DEPLOY
        • vt(oN)intentionto intend to deploy a contextually determinate object
        • vtoNdeploy, put to use
        • vtoNreflexive.自deploy (oneself) in tasks that need to be done
      • adequate for>USEFUL
        • nabfeatureusefulness
        • vadNuseful
        • vtoNreflexive.自be useful to (oneself) ???
        • vt+prep+Nbe useful at time N;
        • abstract>APPROPRIATE
          • vt+prep+Nstativebe appropriate for time N
        • designed for>TOOL
          • nutensils, useful tools
          • nabcollectiveset of things needed
          • grammaticalised: using as the object>OBJECT MARKER
            • vt(+N.)adVtusing N to V it > object marker
            • vtoN.adVtusing N to V it > object marker
            • thing disposed of>THING
              • nnecessary goods, needed materials, needs, resources; necessary expenses
        • asset>PROFIT
          • nabstativeusefulness; practical use; effective benefit
          • vibe useful 不用
      • what sth is used for>FUNCTION
        • nabactfunction, effect; use in action (of words)in the BUDDH. context often contrasted to 體 'essence'
        • nabfigurativefunction (of the mind, etc.)in the BUDDH. context often contrasted to tǐ 體 'substance' (referring to 'relative' truth as opposed to 'absolute' truth)
    • rules/conventions>CONFORM
      • vtoNfollow the advice of; obey (laws) 蚩尤作亂,不用帝命。
      • vtoNpassiveget followed (of advice) (parallel to tīng 聽 "get listened to")
      • vtoNpsychconform to (oneself)> be wilful, be opinionated
      • vtoNpsychconform to (oneself)> be wilful, be opinionated
      • grammaticalised:THEREFORE
        • vt(oN.)adV:postN[SU]::postSin conformity with the contextually determinate conditions N (should perhaps be moved to THEREFORE)
        • vt0(oN).adS1:postS2therefore, thus
      • grammaticalised:BECAUSE
        • vt(oN.)adVand because of this; so as to
      • to orders>OBEY
        • vtoNact in accordance with (orders)
        • vt(oN)derivedfollow the advice of N
        • causative: force to obey>GOVERN
          • vtoNgovern (a state, as prime minister etc); be de facto in charge of
          • vt(oN)
      • of money>EXPENSE
        • nabactthe use of resources, the making of expenses 節用 "be economical with expenses"
      • wish to use>NEED
        • vt+V[0]usually negated: (no) need to V (useless to V)
        • vtoNYI.XICI: have use for, need
        • vt[0](oN1).adN2N2 which has use for the contextually determinate N1
      • for display>SHOW
        • vtoNmake use of so as to display