nabfigurativestraightness; direct overt methods and strategies
vadNstraight
vadNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: straight and in a right angle to a base-lineJZ 1.25 正從 "straight length> height (of a triangle or a more complex plane figure)" See ILLUSTRATION.
v[adN]nonreferentialthose who are correct, those who behave correctly
vadNprescribed and objectively correct or efficient
vadNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: the exact (quantity); the exact/correct procedureJZ 7.4, Liu Hui's comm: 不盈不朒之正數 "the exact quantity, without excess and without shortfall"
vadVcorrectly, with formal correctness; exactly, precisely
vibe morally upright and correct; be legally correct and exact
viactbehave correctly; not deviate from the norm
vichangebecome straightened out; become correct
vt+prep+Nto correct
vtoNcausative(cause to be correct>) adjust so as to make correct, to correct; ensure the correctness of
vtoNpassivebe corrected by
vtoNpsychreflexive自: correct oneself 自正
vtoNpsychreflexive己: correct or rectify (oneself)
vtoNputativeconsider as right and proper; consider as ritually correct
vichangeCHEMLA 2003: become positive (versus negative)JZ 8.3, Liu Hui's comm: 今兩算得失相反，要令正負以名之，正算赤負算黑。否則以邪正為異 "Suppose one has two types of rods (suàn), those obtained and those missing being opposed to each other, then one needs to take them as positive and negative respectively and thus to name them [The translation of 令正負以名之 is tentative and in any case problematic.]. Positive rods are bright red and negative rods are black. Alternatively one makes the difference through slanted and straight (positions of the rods) [Note that there are several interpretatons of how exactly slantedness versus straightness of the rods were to be represented on the calculating surface.]
vpostadVfigurativeCHEMLA 2003: as a positive numberJZ 8.5: 置上禾六秉正 "put down on the counting surface the number of six bundles of superior grade grain, as positive"