Taxonomy of meanings for 正:

  • zhèng (OC: tjeŋs MC: tɕiɛŋ) 之盛切 去 廣韻:【正當也長也定也平也是也君也亦姓左傳宋上郷正考父之後魏志有永昌太守正帛又漢複姓漢有郎中正令宫又之盈切 】
  • zhēng (OC: tjeŋ MC: tɕiɛŋ) 諸盈切 平 廣韻:【正朔本音政 】
    • STRAIGHT
      • nabfigurativestraightness; direct overt methods and strategies
      • vadNstraight
      • vadNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: straight and in a right angle to a base-lineJZ 1.25 正從 "straight length> height (of a triangle or a more complex plane figure)" See ILLUSTRATION.
      • vadVfigurativestraight out, straightforwardly
      • vibe straight, be in line
      • vtoNcausativemake straight, straighten out
      • specifically>VERTICAL
        • vadVmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: verticallyJZ 5.18, Liu Hui's comm: 正斬 "cut vertically"
      • abstract>CORRECT
        • nsubjectwhat is correct
        • nab.post-V{NUM}psychkinds of correctness
        • nabactcorrectness in behaviour, correct behaviour
        • nabprocessOBI: proper process, proper outcome; exact behaviour (of cosmic forces etc);
        • nabpsychcorrectness
        • v[adN]nonreferentialthose who are correct, those who behave correctly
        • vadNojectively correct; prescribed and correct or efficient
        • vadNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: the exact (quantity); the exact/correct procedureJZ 7.4, Liu Hui's comm: 不盈不朒之正數 "the exact quantity, without excess and without shortfall"
        • vadVcorrectly, with formal correctness; exactly, precisely
        • vibe morally upright and correct; be legally correct and exact
        • viactbehave correctly; not deviate from the norm
        • vichangebecome straightened out; become correct
        • vt+prep+Nto correct
        • vtoNcausative(cause to be correct>) adjust so as to make correct, to correct; ensure the correctness of
        • vtoNpassivebe corrected by
        • vtoNpsychreflexive自: correct oneself 自正
        • vtoNpsychreflexive己: correct or rectify (oneself)
        • vtoNputativeconsider as right and proper; consider as ritually correct
        • vtoNreflexive.身correct (oneself)
        • vtoNreflexive.自subject non-human:correct (themselves) (as laws)
        • vttoN1.+prep+N2psychcorrect things in (oneself) 正諸己
        • viprocessgo on correctly as it is supposed to
        • vtoNcausativeN=human: set on the right path, correct the ways of
        • DELETE
        • vtoNmiddle voicebe put in order, be properly ordered
        • linguistic>TRUE
          • vadNtrue, real
          • vibe ecactly correct, be perfectly true
          • nabmetaphysicaltruth
          • vtoNdecide on the veracity of things;
        • behaviour>STANDARD
          • nabstandard of correctness; norm
          • vadNstandard
          • nab(post-N)standard, rule to live by of the contextually determinate N
          • specifically>TARGET
            • ncentre of target
            • vt(oN)consider (something) being the target; to concentrate one's effort on something exclusively
        • causative>CONTROL
          • vtoNcontrol and keep straight order in, keep in proper shape; get into proper shape
          • vtoNpsychcontrol (oneself) properly (difficult to distinguish from the corresponding item in CORRECT)
          • nab.post-Nactthe proper sorting out of N
          • vtoNpassivebe sorted out properly
          • vtoNpassivebe controlled
          • agent>OFFICIAL
            • npost-NN=objofficial in charge of (e.g. music); person in charge of (someone else)
            • nofficial
            • seniorRULER
              • nruler; rulers
        • behaviour>GOOD
          • vichangeCHEMLA 2003: become positive (versus negative)JZ 8.3, Liu Hui's comm: 今兩算得失相反,要令正負以名之,正算赤負算黑。否則以邪正為異 "Suppose one has two types of rods (suàn), those obtained and those missing being opposed to each other, then one needs to take them as positive and negative respectively and thus to name them [The translation of 令正負以名之 is tentative and in any case problematic.]. Positive rods are bright red and negative rods are black. Alternatively one makes the difference through slanted and straight (positions of the rods) [Note that there are several interpretatons of how exactly slantedness versus straightness of the rods were to be represented on the calculating surface.]
          • vpostadVfigurativeCHEMLA 2003: as a positive numberJZ 8.5: 置上禾六秉正 "put down on the counting surface the number of six bundles of superior grade grain, as positive"
          • comparative>IMPORTANT
            • vadNregular; main; most important
            • elliptic exocentric: main>WIFE
              • nmain wife
    • psychological>FRANK
      • nsubjectwhat is straightforward
      • vadNstraighforward, direct
      • vadVstraighforwardly
      • vibe straightforward, direct; undevious and not deceitful
      • grammaticalised:WHEN
        • vadV1.adV2just when, exactly (at the time of V1)
    • zhe1ng first 正月>PRECEDE
      • vadNread zhe1ng: first (of month)