Taxonomy of meanings for 假:

  • 假 jiǎ (OC: kraaʔ MC: kɯa) 古疋切 上 廣韻:【且也借也非眞也説文又作徦至也又姓漢有假倉 】
    • BORROW
      • nabactborrowing things
      • vt(oN)borrow things; take loans
      • vtoNborrow
      • vtoNfigurative"borrow" (time etc)
      • vttoN1.+prep+N2borrow (something or someone N1) from (the owner N2) 假人於越, also 假道 "askfor/borrow right of way"
      • vtoNpassivebe borrowed from others
      • generalised>REQUEST
        • vtoNrequest temporarily (right of way etc)
        • vttoN1.+prep+N2ask temporarily for (right of way N1) from (a person in authority N2) 假道于衛
        • as requested>USE
          • vt+prep+Nuse (what is not one's due)
          • vtoNavail oneself of, use (what is not one's own)
          • as necessary means towards something>RELY ON
            • vt+prep+Nrely on
            • vtoNgain the support of, come to be able to rely on
            • vtoN.adVrelying on N, availing oneself on N
            • vehicle, for transport>DRIVE
              • ship, for transport> SAILING
              • grammaticalised: relying on for the sake of argument>IF
                  • counter to fact>COUNTERFACTUAL
                    • vt0oS1.adS2supposing that
                    • feature>MISTAKE
                      • vadNfalse > provisional (BUDDH: pertaining to the relative truth)
                      • vadVfalsely, mistakenly In the Zen BUDDH. context usually referring to 'provisionally' (i.e. pertaining to the worldly truth and not the absolute truth)
                • causative: make rely on>PRETEND
                  • vadVwith false pretense, under false pretenses
                  • vt+prep+Npretend that; pretend to 假於
                  • vtoN以A假B: use A instead of B pretending that A is B
                  • vtoV(0)pretend to V
                  • generalised>FAKE
                    • vadNfake, shamBUDDH: fake and provisional; belonging to the wordly truth (as opposed to 真 )
                    • vadVbuddhistfalsely > provisionally (>as an expedient means) (pertaining to the relative truth) ant. to 實
                    • vtoNmake up artificially, create with one's imagination
          • causative: cause to borrow>LEND OUT
            • vadNlent-out (funds)
            • vtoNlend out (something) to others
            • vttoN1.+N2lend out (something N2) (to someone N1) 假我道
            • generalised>GIVE
              • vttoN1.+N2give (someone N1) (what is not his due N2)
              • vttoN1+.vtoN2to give (somebody N1) (something N2); to supply (somebody N1) with (something N2)
              • figurative: permission>PERMIT
                • vttoN1.+N2give temporary permission for (something N2) to (beneficiary N1)
              • =嘏 support>HELP
                • vtoNto help (gain power); to aid indirectly
        • =瘕ILLNESS
        • 假 jià (OC: kraas MC: kɯa) 古訝切 去 廣韻:【借也至也易也休假也又古雅切 】
          • DIE
            • HOLIDAY
              • nleave of absence
            • LEISURE
              • nleave of absence
              • vadVin a leisurely way, at one's ease
          • 假 xia4《集韻》亥駕切,去禡匣。魚部。
          • 假 xia2《集韻》何加切,平麻匣。魚部
          • 假 ge2《集韻》各〓切,入陌見。鐸部