BORROW  借來

RECEIVE SOMETHING FROM SOMEONE PROMISING to GIVE IT BACK.
TAKE AS A LOANLEASEHIRESCROUNGEBUMCADGEMOOCH
Antonymy

LEND OUT

See also

DEBTHOSTAGE

Kind Of

TAKE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The general term for borrowing anything is jiè 借 and.

[GENERAL]

2. Jiǎ 假 emphasises the temporary aspect of borrowing, and the lender's discretion, and the focus is on the ability to make practical use of what is borrowed, the latter meaning being also common for the same word.

[

3. Dài 貸 is a technical financial term for borrowing money or resources is but the word for "to borrow" pimarily meant "to lend out".

4. Tè 貣 is the technical term for making a demand for a loan of a sum money.

[CONATIVE]

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

TRADE 16.

假,先秦時借用義的通稱。

借,漢代以來借用義的通稱。

貸,借錢糧。

貣,向他人借貸。

TRADE 17.

質,以人或物抵押借貸。

贅,以人作抵押貸錢,起於秦漢。

貼,中古以來以人或物作抵押無息借貸。

當,中古以來指以小巧之物抵押借貸。

典,中古以來指用小巧之物或固定資產甚至人作抵押借貸。

Modern Chinese Criteria

借用

借債

舉債

借貸

告貸

稱貸

借錢

借款

挪借

挪移

挪用

墊補

通融

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 11.62

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 369

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 119B

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 21
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 12
  • vt+prep+N : 3
  • nab : 3
  • vt(oN) : 2
  • vi : 1
  • NPab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 11
  • 韓非子 : 9
  • 戰國策 : 7
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 5
  • 賢愚經 : 4
  • 管子 : 2
  • 墨子 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

   jiǎ OC: kraaʔ MC: kɣɛ 24 Attributions

Jiǎ 假 emphasises the termporary aspect of borrowing.

  • nabactborrowing things
  • vt(oN)borrow things; take loans
  • vtoNborrow
  • vtoNfigurative"borrow" (time etc)
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2borrow (something or someone N1) from (the owner N2) 假人於越, also 假道 "askfor/borrow right of way"
  • vtoNpassivebe borrowed from others
   jiè OC: skjaags MC: tsɣɛ 6 Attributions

The general term for borrowing anything is jiè 借.

  • vtoNborrow
  • vtoNfigurative"borrow" (influence etc), borrow (right of way etc)
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2borrow (something N1) from (someone N2) 借x於
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2figurative"borrow" (help N1 etc) (from someone N2)
   jǔ OC: klaʔ MC: ki̯ɤ 4 Attributions
  • vtoNborrow
   jiè OC:  MC: dzɣɛ 4 Attributions
  • vtoNborrow (troops etc); ask to borrow (right of way etc)
   dài OC: lʰɯɯɡs MC: thəi 4 Attributions

A technical term for borrowing money is dài 貸but the word pimarily meant "to lend out".

  • vitake loans
  • vt+prep+Nborrow from
假借   jiǎ jiè OC: kraaʔ skjaags MC: kɣɛ tsɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPabactborrowing
   tè OC: lʰɯɯɡ MC: thək 0 Attributions

Tè 貣 is the technical term for making a demand for a loan of a sum money.

  • vtoNbeg to borrow from someone, demand to borrow
   shì OC: lʰebs MC: ɕiɛi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNborrow 貰馬 "borrow a horse"; 貰酒 "borrow wine"
   zhuì OC: tjods MC: tɕiɛi 0 Attributions
    債負   zhài fù OC: skreeɡs bɯʔ MC: ʈʂɣɛ bɨu 0 Attributions
    • VPiactborrow money, make debts ??

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: