Taxonomy of meanings for 失:

  • shī (OC: lʰiɡ MC: ɕit) 式質切 入 廣韻:【錯也縱也式質切三 】
    • LOSE
      • vadNpassivelost
      • vt(oN)lose the contextually determinate thing
      • vt+prep+Nlose sight of
      • vt+prep+Nfigurativelose out on; fail to get intellectually hold of
      • vtoNcome to lose what one used to own (e.g. a city, an arm); lose control of; fail to get right what one ought to get right (timing); MENG: fail to stick to (the Way), stray from, disregard; lose count of (the date); stray from (the right road); lose contact with (a person)
      • vtoNfail to getfail to get what one ought to be able to get
      • vtoNfigurativelose control of; lose the allegiance of (the people etc); come to lose what one used to abstractly have (like knowledge, control etc)
      • vtoNmiddle voicebe lost
      • vtoNpassivebe lost
      • vtoNpsychlose control of (oneself); be at a (complete) loss
      • vtoNpsychlose (oneself)> fail to achieve one's proper aspirations 失己
      • nabperhaps nab act: loss
      • vtoNfigurativecease to have, lose (one's job etc)
      • vtoNinchoativederived: cease to be governed/organised by
      • vtoNlose the service of (a person)
      • deliberate action>RELEASE
        • vtoNlet go scot free
        • vtoNpassivebe lost; be lost control of; be let go unpunished
      • general, action>FAIL
        • nabeventfailure; real loss
        • vichangeget things wrong that one is trying to get right; miss one's target; go astray
        • vtoNfail to get N; get (something) wrong; fail in the business of N
        • vt+V[0]fail to (continue to or get to) V
        • vtoNfail to become an N
        • vt[oN]processget things wrong.
        • vtoNmiddle voicebe wrong; be completely astray
        • object: duty>OFFEND
          • vtoNoffend against (rules of behaviour); fail to conform with
          失法
        • in having what one ought to have>LACK
          • general>MISTAKE
            • nabactinadvertent mistake or transgression; inadvertent mistake (of a superior), insouciance; transgression; faulty point
            • vadNbe wrong through negligence
            • vadVby mistake, through an insouciance
            • vimathematical termCHEMLA 2003: make a mathematical mistake; fail to get the proper mathematical result.
            • viprocessgo wrong by mistake; get things wrong by mistake; make a slip
            • vt(oN)get the contextually determinate thing wrong, be wrong about the contextually determinate thing
            • vt+V[0]make a mistake in VERBing
            • vtoNget (something) wrong, be wrong about; make a mistake concerning; misapply (punishements etc); make a mistake of omission in relation to
            • vttoN1.+N2make a mistake (in a matter N1) with regard (to something or somebody N2) or on N2's side (失之己)
            • vttoN1.+prep+N2make a mistake about (something -often indeterminate - N1) with regard to (a subject N2)
            • vttoN1.+prep+N2mathematical termCHEMLA 2003: to be wrong about N1 by the amount N2; (as action verb:) get something N1 wrong by the amount N2 ZJ 4.18: 失之于微少 "get the result wrong by a small amount".
            • vt[oN]N=indefget something wrong
            • vicontinuativebe prone to faults
            • intellectual>IGNORANT
              • vtoNfail to take proper account of; be ignorant of; be incompetent in the use of; fail to be able to make proper use of
              • practical state>UNABLE
                • un-knowingly>NATURALLY
                  • vt+V(0)cannot help V-ing, come to V, V despite oneself 失笑 vt+V[0]
              • inadvertently>CHANGE
                  失色
                • action>NEGLECT
                  • vt+prep+Noverlook, fail to take proper note of
                  • vtoNoverlook, fail to notice; fail to use; fail to take proper note of
                  • vtoNpassivebe wrongfully neglected; be wrongfully set aside
                  • vt+V[0]neglect to V as one should
                  • vtoNfail to act in accordance with; fail to live up to