Taxonomy of meanings for 傷:

  • shāng (OC: lʰaŋ MC: ɕiɐŋ) 式羊切 平 廣韻:【傷損 】
  • shàng (OC: lʰaŋs MC: ɕiɐŋ) 式亮切 去 廣韻:【未成人或作殤又音商 】
    • INJURE
      • vadNpassiveinjured; wounded 傷人
      • vigradedget injured, injure onself; be injured
      • vt+prep+Nbe of harm to
      • vtoNwound; cause to be injured
      • vtoNmiddle voiceget injured in (e.g. in one's eye) 傷其目
      • vtoNpassivebe wounded; get injured; be afflicted by; be made ill by
      • vtoNreflexive.自injure (oneself)
      • vt[oN]injure others
      • v[adN]N=nonrefthe wounded; wounded soldiers
      • vtoNmiddle voicewithout indication of place of injury: get injured
      • vtoNmiddle voicefigurative: be impaired; lose original aesthetic force
      • physiological result>INJURY
        • nwound, injury
        • passive>SUFFER
            • generalised physical>DISTRESS
              • vifeel distressed; feel so very distressed
              • vicausativebe designed to cause mental distress or excessive feelings of sadness
              • vt(oN)feel distress about the contextually determinate object
              • vtoNhurt, inflict psychological harm
              • vtoNpsychfeel distressed about
              • vtoNputativefind distressing
              • vtoNPab{S}psychfeel distressed about
              • psychological>SAD
                • nabsadness, misery
                • vifeel sad; feel love-sick
                • vtoNab{S}feel sad about S
            • concerning future dangers>WORRY
              • vtoNabbe upset about Nab
              • vtoSbe distressed that S
              • vttoN.+V[0]psychbe worried that (one) V-s
              • vttoN.+V[0]reflexive.自worry about (oneself) that one V-s
              • vt+prep+Nbe upset by, be distressed by N
            • feel pity for others>SYMPATHY
              • for the dead>MOURNING
                • vt(oN)mourn for the contextually determinate N
                • vtoNabbe distressed at; mourn for
            • generalised>DAMAGE
              • nabeventharm, damage
              • vt+prep+Ndo damage to
              • vtoNinflict harm on (physical objects)
              • vtoNfigurativedo damage to (abstract things); do abstract damage to or hurt (persons)
              • vtoNmiddle voicebe damaged, suffer damage 傷於下
              • vtoNreflexive.自damage (oneself)
              • vtoNfigurativeabstract: impair
              • VPtoNresultativedamage to the extent of breaking > break off
              • abstract:> HINDER LY 何傷乎
          • linguistic action>OFFEND
            • vtoNact against, offend against
            • vtoNpassivebe offended against
            • publicly>SLANDER
              • vttoN1.+prep+N2slander N1 to N2
          • fig: object conventions>EXCESSIVE
            • vt+V/Nsuffer from being excessively V
            • resultative>MISTAKE
              • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: be wrong by (an amount)