Taxonomy of meanings for 城:

  • chéng (OC: djeŋ MC: dʑiɛŋ) 是征切 平 廣韻:【城郭崔豹古今注云城者盛也所以盛受民物也又淮南子曰鮌作城亦姓風俗通云氏於事者城郭園池是也 】
    • CITY WALL
      • ninner city wall; wall
      • nfigurativebe a bulwark
      • general>FORTIFICATION
        • general>WALL
          • nwall (defending China against the barbarians etc)
      • metonymy>CITY
        • ncca walled city
        • vtoNcausativemake a place into a walled city; establish a place as a walled city
        • n(post-N)cities belonging to the contextually determinate N
        • metonymy: city state>STATE
          • action>FORTIFY
            • nabactthe walling of cities
            • viactbuild city walls; build a city wall
            • vtoNto build a city wall around (an activity either pursued by those in the city or by an expeditionary military force)