DIKE  

ARTIFICIAL LONG MOUNTAIN NEAR SEA OR RIVER FOR SAFEGUARDING AGAINST FLOOD.
DAMEMBANKMENTLEVEEBARRAGEBARRIERWALLEMBANKMENTBARRICADEOBSTRUCTION
Kind Of

MOUNTAIN

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The general word for a dike preventing the passage of water is tí 堤 / 隄. Huge water works started in the Warring States period.

2. Bēi 陂 refers specifically to a dam surrounding a rain water reservoir. [Mentioned already in SHIJING]

3. Yàn 堰 refers to a low dam.The oldest evidence of the word dates from the Eastern Han period.

4. Táng 塘 refers to a very large dam constraining the water in a large river or lake. See also POOL. It was also built to protect against sea water.

5. Fáng 防/坊 refers to protective dikes of varying size; it is mentioned already in SHI.

6. Tí fáng 隄防 is a current general way of referring to the dams and dikes in the country.

NB: Bà 壩 is a post-Buddhist term for a dam.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006 GEOGRAPHY 15.

堤,堤壩,通稱。

防,低窪地所修築的狹長上平的防水之堤。

塘,堤壩,可用於江河、陂池、水庫等,南方楚地用語。

堰,擋水、蓄水的低壩。

陂,建於陂澤地帶用於蓄積雨水的堤壩。

梁,斷水捕魚的堤堰。

Modern Chinese Criteria

堤壩

水壩

壩子

堤岸

堤防

防水壩

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

agger refers to a single line elevated dam-like structure, e.g. as a defensive installation in warfare.

vallum refers to a rampart insofar as it encloses an area, e.g. a fortress.

HUANG JINGUI 1995 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao 391

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 15

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 195

WANG FENGYANG 1993 古辭辨 Gu ci bian 57

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 174

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 23
  • NP : 6

Attributions by text

  • 禮記 : 8
  • 管子 : 5
  • 韓非子 : 4
  • 淮南子 : 3
  • 說苑 : 2
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 春秋左傳 : 2
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1

Words

   fáng OC: baŋ MC: bi̯ɐŋ 8 Attributions
  • ndike
  • nfigurativedike > protection
隄防   dī fáng OC: k-lee baŋ MC: tei bi̯ɐŋ 6 Attributions
  • NPpluralthe dikes
   dī OC: k-lee MC: tei 5 Attributions

The general word for a dike preventing the passage of water is tí 堤/隄. Huge water works started in the Warring States period.

  • ndike
   fáng OC: baŋ MC: bi̯ɐŋ 5 Attributions

Fáng 防 refers to protective dikes of varying size; it is mentioned already in SHI.

  • nHF 1.3.12: (gigantic, presumably defensive) dike
   bēi OC: pral MC: piɛ 3 Attributions

Bēi 陂 refers specifically to a dam surrounding a rain water reservoir. [Mentioned already in SHIJING]

  • ndike; dam
   táng OC: ɡ-laaŋ MC: dɑŋ 1 Attribution

Táng 塘 refers to a very large dam constraining the water in a large river or lake. See also POOL. It was also built to protect against sea water.

  • nGY: dam or dike around an artificial basin
   dī OC: k-lee MC: tei 1 Attribution
  • ndike
   liè OC: rod MC: liɛt 0 Attributions
  • ndyke (HUAINAN)
   duǒ OC: toolʔ MC: tʷɑ 0 Attributions
  • ndike; banked-up earth (HUAINAN)
   yàn OC: qans MC: ʔi̯ɐn 0 Attributions

Yàn 堰 refers to a low dam.The oldest evidence of the word dates from the Eastern Han period.

       bà OC: praaɡs MC: pɣɛ 0 Attributions
    • npost-Han, SONG: dam or dike

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: