Taxonomy of meanings for 窮:

  • qióng (OC: ɡʷɯŋ MC: ɡiuŋ) 渠弓切 平 廣韻:【窮極也又窮竒獸名聞人鬬乃助不直者渠弓切三 】
  • qiòng (OC: ɡuŋ MC: kʰiuŋ) 去仲切 去 廣韻:【使役也亦作㑋 】
    • DISTRESS
      • nabpsychinescapable trouble
      • v[adN]nonreferentialthe distressed
      • vadNdistressed, destitute; hopeless
      • vibe in a hopeless position; be in an intellectually hopeless position, be lost for words; be at one's wit's end (See CONFUSED)
      • vichangerun into real trouble, get into a tight corner
      • vtoNcausativedrive to exhaustion, wear out completely; put in a tight spot
      • vtoNcausativecause to be in a hopeless position; put in a tight corner; put in an impossible position; embarrass
      • vtoNcausativeget (oneself) into an inescapable kind of trouble
      • viextremefeel cornered; be in extreme distress
      • psychological>DESPERATE
        • specific:>POOR
          • nabsocialSHI: state of destitution
          • v[adN]nonreferentialthe poor, the destitute
          • viMENG: be hopelessly poor, be destitute; become poor
      • event>FAIL
        • nabeventfailure
        • vadNprone to failure, unsuccessful
        • viprocessfail to win through; (of orders) go unheeded
        • vistatebe unsuccessful
        • general:>LACK
            猶有所窮HYDCD
          • general>END
            • vicome to an end
            • vtoNcome to the end of
            • nab(.post-N)the coming to an end> the end of life
            • vadNfinal
            • action>STOP
              • viactcease doing what one has been doing
            • causative: cause there to be no more>EXHAUST
              • vadVintensitiveexhaustingly > completely
              • vtoNuse up, exhaust (the years of one's life etc)
              • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
              • vtoNpassivebe exhausted ???
              • nabultimate quantity, quantitative limit
              • vt[oN]actgo all the way; perform everything in every detail
              • object: energies>EFFORT
                • vt+prep+Nexhaust one's energies in an effort towards
              • grammaticalised>EXTREME
                • nextreme point
                窮貴也 MO
              • intellectually>INVESTIGATE
                • vtoNinvestigate thoroughly (often used in analytical contexts)
            • resultative: >UNDERSTAND
              • vtoNunderstand completely
              • vtoNpassivebe understood completely
          • at wit’s end>CONFUSED
            • vibe out of one's depth; be at one's wit's end; be completely lost for words; not know what to think or say
        • STATES