Taxonomy of meanings for 去:

  • qù (OC: khas MC: kʰiɔ) 丘倨切 去 廣韻:【離也又郤吕切 】
  • qù (OC: khaʔ MC: kʰiɔ) 羌舉切 上 廣韻:【除也説文从大口也羌舉切又丘據切五 】
    • LEAVE
      • nabactleaving
      • vi.redintensitive(frequently) leave
      • vpostadVdirectiondirectional complement (usually with verbs of movement or change) (indicating a movement away from the speaker (Note that V can be complex and contain not only an object but also further complements in LMC)
      • vpostadVdirectiondirectional complement with verbs of movement or change (with abstract location) (Note that V can be complex and contain not only an object but also further complements in LMC)
      • vt(oN)leave (the contextually defined place)
      • vt[oN]leave, go away; leave the scene
      • vt[oN]figurativego away
      • vt[oN]imperativeunmarked imperative: leave! go away!
      • vtoNdepart from (somewhere), leave (something or somebody); run away from
      • vtoNfigurativeleave the close association with, discontinue close relations with
      • vt(oN)N=personleave the contextually determinate person
      • vt[oN]conativetry to escape; try to leave the scene
      • vtoNderivedcease to be in
      • process>ISSUE
        • vtoNcausative(cause to leave>) send away, send out of the room
      • resultative>GO TO
        • vadNfor going to> to go to
        • vt(oN.)-Vgo to the contextually determinate place N to V
        • vt(oN)go to the contextually determinate place N
        • vtoNgo to
        • vtpostN{OBJ}go to N
        • morphologised>WEAK VERBAL SUFFIX
          • vpost-Vgo along V-ing; keep on V-ing?????
          • vpostadVindicator of direction of action away from agent
          • vpostadVdirectionweak verb added at the end of verb phrases to indicate direction of the action away from the speaker.
          • grammaticalised>FINAL PARTICLES
            • vpostadSfutureleave from the speaker > temporally distant from the speaker > sentence final marking an event in the future (marking that the act/state indicated by S has not taken occurred yet; sometimes qù also seems to mark an intention)
            • vpostadSimperativego and V > go ahead and V (grammaticalized deverbal sentence final particle expressing a very mild imperative, an invitation to do something)
            • vpostadS1.post-S2apodosisgo and V > sentence final marking the apodosis in hypothetical conditions (if S2 then S1)
    • grammaticalised spatial>FROM
      • vtoN.adVfrom
      • object life>DIE
        • viactdepart from this world
      • causative>REMOVE
        • vt(oN)remove a contextually determinate object
        • vtoNcausativeremove, do away with, get rid of; try to drive away (ants); take off
        • vtoNiussiveorder to be removed, have removed
        • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003
        • vtoNpassivebe removed
        • vtoN. Vunmarked nominalisation: removing the N V-s
        • resultative>DISCARD
          • vt(oN)discard the contextually determinate thing
          • vtoNget rid of, discard; dispense with (often with abstract objects: disavow)
          • vtoNpassivebe discarded, be done away with; be rejected
          • vtoNpsychdismiss (oneself), disregard (oneself)
          • vtoNfigurativediscard from one's awareness> disregard, fail to take account of
          • nabfigurativerejection (of an alternative)
          • object wife>DIVORCE
            • nabactdivorce
            • vtoNdivorce
            • vtoNmiddle voicebe divorced
      • resultative>DISTANT
        • vtoNbe distant from; be different from;
        • vtoNfigurativeto be removed in time (from somebody or from an event)
        • vttoN1.+N2at a distance of a length N2 from a place N1
        • vtoN1.postN2:+VN2 is far away N1 to the extent of V
        • vtoNcausativekeep at a distance; keep abay
        • in time>PAST
          • v[adN]the time/past which has gone > the past
        • in quality>DIFFERENT
          • vtoNstativebe different from
        • causative>AVOID
          • vt(oN)avoid the contextually determinate thing
          • vtoNavoid
      • general>MOVE
        • viactmove along 去不迴