Taxonomy of meanings for 焉:

  • yān (OC: qan MC: ʔiɐn) 謁言切 平 廣韻:【安也又不言也 】
  • yān (OC: qran MC: ʔɯiɛn) 於乾切 平 廣韻:【何也又鳥雜毛説文曰鳥黄色出江淮間於乾切五 】
  • yān (OC: ɢan MC: ɦɯiɛn) 有乾切 平 廣韻:【語助也又於乾切 】 語助也又於乾切 Pan Wuyun: ɢan 何也又鳥雜毛説文曰鳥黄色出江淮間於乾切 Pan Wuyun: qran 安也又不言也 Pan Wuyun qan
  • 焉 yān (OC: qran MC: ʔɯiɛn) 於乾切 平 廣韻:【何也又鳥雜毛説文曰鳥黄色出江淮間於乾切五 】
    • SENTENCE-FINAL PARTICLES
      • THAN
        • npro.postadVthan it
        • reference to speaker>EGO
          • npro.postVt於+nproto me
      • THERE
        • v{vtonpro}.postadVthere
        • AMONG
          • v{vt+npro}postN.postVfrom among them 一焉
    • THEN
      • v{=vt0+npro}adVat that point
      • vt0 prep N.adV:post-S焉=於之 at that point, first then
      • THEREFORE
        • ppostadSas a result
    • HOW
      • padVnon-rhetoricalhow?(followed by subjectless sentence in the form of a verb phrase:)
      • padVexpected answer: no!how? 焉得儉"How could he get to count as stingy?" 焉辟"how can one avoid?"
      • padVwherefromfrom where
      • padVrhetoricalhow on earth
      • WHEN
        • padVrhetorical questionused in rhet. questions: when? 焉有.... When did it happen that? When it was true that..?
      • WHENCE
        • padVwhence, from where
    • WHERE
      • padVwhere
      • nprorhetoricalto what> where (on earth)
      • WHITHER
        • padVwheretowhereto?
        • padVfigurativenon-spatial: towards whom
    • SUFFIX
      • ppostadV1.adV2works like rán 然: postposed adverb marker
      • ppostadVintensitive verbal suffix
  • 焉 yān (OC: qan MC: ʔiɐn) 謁言切 平 廣韻:【安也又不言也 】
  • 焉 yān (OC: ɢan MC: ɦɯiɛn) 有乾切 平 廣韻:【語助也又於乾切 】