Taxonomy of meanings for 表:

  • 表 biǎo (OC: prawʔ MC: pɯiɛu) 陂嬌切 上 廣韻:【明也亦牋表釋名云下言於上曰表説文作𧘝上衣也古者衣裘以毛爲表也又姓岀姓苑陂嬌切四 】
    • GARMENT
      • nZHUANG: outer clothes
      • inchoative action>WEAR
        • vtoNto wear on the outside, wear as outer clothes
        • generalised>WRAP
            • abstract>SURFACE
                • generalised>OUTSIDE
                  • nmathematical termthe gnomon, i.e. a stick that is erected so as to be shone on by the sun. The shadow thus produced is used to measure the height of the sun, its distance to the earth and the like.
                  • nabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: outside, exterior part of a mathematical figure. This concept is in this specific sense is particularly common in the commentaries JZ 9, whereas the meaning "gnomon" is attested in the main text of that chapter. The more general meaning "outside" is not specifically relevant to mathematics. When one square is marked out within another as in [ILL 1], the unmarked rectilinear part of the original square is referred to by the technical term jǔ 矩, and this kind of remaining shape in general is called the biǎo 表. In JZ 9.24 矩之表 refers to the remaining part in the shape of (two) jǔ 矩.
                  • outer protection>DEFEND
                    • nouter defense
                  • outside reaching close to>NEAR
                    • abstract, in kinship>DISTANT
                      • of trees: outside appearance>LEAF
                          • grammaticalised>DIRECTION
                            • nccdirection 八表
                        • make visible to outside>SHOW
                          • nabexpression, manifestation
                          • vtoNmake public, make widely known, advertise openly; mark out
                          • vtoSexpress that
                          • semantical>MEAN
                            • show oneself>APPEAR
                              • through use of language>SPEAK
                                  • to high authorities>MEMORIAL
                                    • na memorial which sets forth political views
                                    • vtoNset forth political views in a memorial
                                  • in theatre>MONOLOGUE
                                  • overall feature>SHAPE
                                    • nabfeaturesuperficial aspect, surface of a matter, externals
                                    • typical>MODEL
                                      • na model
                                  • concrete means of showing>SIGNAL
                                    • nexternal sign, symbol (of the ruler's intentions)
                                    • vifigurativeset up a signal; set an example
                                    • abstract>SYMBOL
                                      • vtoNmark out
                                      • nabfeatureexternal sign
                                    • for deciding doubtful cases>STANDARD
                                      • specific> STELE
                                      • social>BANNER
                                        • nbanner with the name of shop
                                      • in the form of a>STICK
                                        • nmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: the gnomon (a stick of a determinate length used among other things in traditional time measurement in China (and also in Greece!)) It is remarkable that the Greek word gnoomoon, like the Chinese biǎo 表 refers both to the instrument and the remaining shape when one square is inserted into another. For example, a 八尺之表 is NOT a stick that is eight chǐ long, but in fact a longer stick of which the top is eight chǐ above the ground. In a phrase like JZ 1.32 出圓之表 "the (expanded) remaining shape which goes beyond the circle", biǎo 表 comes close to a nominal use of 外 "outside shape". In Liu Hui's preface we have 立兩表于洛陽之城 "set up two gnomons on the city wall of Luoyang".
                                        • showing time: sundial>CLOCK
                                          • npost placed in the ground to measure the size of the shadow in order to measure the time of day; sun-dial
                                        • large>TRUNK
                          • SURNAMES