BANNER  旗幟

BROCADE USED AS AN IMAGE:symbol IN WARFARE OR IN an ARMY.
Kind Of

BROCADE

Old Chinese Criteria

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

1. The current general word for a military banner is qí 旗, and the word came to be used for any banner of any kind

[GENERAL]

2. Jīng 旌 is a banner used in hunts as well as in battle in order to guide and lead one's forces. This banner was embellished with feathers.

[SPECIFIC]

3. Wù 物 refers specifically to a multicoloured banner with a swallow-style end.

[SPECIFIC]

NB: The identification of given banners with classical terms is often controversial, and attributions vary among scholars.

Modern Chinese Criteria

旗幟

旗子

旌旗

軍旗

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH

FINSTERBUSCH 1966 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 209

Fahne:

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 722

Banner:

Banners are commonly depicted on Han reliefs, often carried by men on horseback.

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 94

HUANG JINGUI 1995 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao 172

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 21

WANG FENGYANG 1993 古辭辨 Gu ci bian 247

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 61
  • nab : 2
  • NP : 2
  • NP{N1&N2} : 2
  • nadN : 1
  • vi : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 20
  • 禮記 : 6
  • 管子 : 6
  • 毛詩 : 6
  • 韓非子 : 5
  • 淮南子 : 5
  • 孟子 : 4
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 說苑 : 2
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 史記 : 2
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

   máo OC: moow MC: mɑu 20 Attributions
  • noxtail banner; oxtail pennant
  • nadNdecorated with banners
   qí OC: ɡɯ MC: gɨ 13 Attributions

The current general word for a military banner is qí 旗, and the word came to be used for any banner of any kind [GENERAL]

  • nofficial banner, flag (especially with pictures of bears or tigers)
  • viactuse a flag (as signal)
  • nabfeatureoutward sign
   qí OC: ɡɯl MC: gɨi 8 Attributions
  • nbanner with bells, used by feudal lords and by the emperor
   jīng OC: tseŋ MC: tsiɛŋ 6 Attributions

Jīng 旌is a banner used in hunts as well as in battle in order to guide and lead one's forces. This banner was embellished with feathers. [SPECIFIC]

  • nyak-tail banner on a feather-decked pole
   pèi OC: boobs MC: bɑi 5 Attributions
  • nbanner
  • viactfly a banner
   chuáng OC: rdooŋ MC: ɖɣɔŋ 3 Attributions
  • nbanner with feathers on top; embroidered
  • nabfigurativebanner
   huī OC: hmral MC: hiɛ 2 Attributions
  • nsignal flag used by senior generals in military campaigns [similar to the previous, but smaller: SUN 1991: 152; ill.: SUN 1991: 38-7, 8] [JM]
羽旄   yǔ máo OC: ɢʷaʔ moow MC: ɦi̯o mɑu 2 Attributions
  • NP{N1&N2}pluralbanners made of feathers and animals' fur, buffalos' tails etc.
   zhì OC: kljɯɡs MC: tɕɨ 1 Attribution
  • nbanner
   zhān OC: tjan MC: tɕiɛn 1 Attribution
  • nsilken banner used by senior officials, of one colour; this word can also be used as a general term for a banner
   zhào OC: ɡrlewʔ MC: ɖiɛu 1 Attribution
  • nbanner illustrated made of black silk and illustrated with mystical snakes
   liú OC: ru MC: lɨu 1 Attribution
  • n[long ribbon in the the upper part of a banner; SUN 1991: 155; ill.: SUN 1991: 38-1][JM]
   kuài OC:  MC: kɑi 1 Attribution
  • nbanner, flag
   wù OC: mɯd MC: mi̯ut 1 Attribution

Wù 物 refers specifically to a multicoloured banner with a swallow-style end. [SPECIFIC]

  • nsilk banner of at least two colours, with a "swallow end"
   máo OC: mruu MC: mɣɛu 1 Attribution
  • vicarry reed banners
旄旌   máo jīng OC: moow tseŋ MC: mɑu tsiɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPnonreferentialbanners
旗物   qí wù OC: ɡɯ mɯd MC: gɨ mi̯ut 1 Attribution
  • NPnonreferentialbanners of all kinds?? TEXT CORRUPT??? INTERESTING EXAMPLE, IF GENUINE
   biǎo 1 Attribution
  • nbanner with the name of shop
   cháng OC: djaŋ MC: dʑi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • nimperial banner (also called tài cháng 太常)
   fān OC: phan MC: phi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
  • nbanner with a bent pole, inscribed with characters
   huī OC: hmɯl MC: hɨi 0 Attributions
  • nbanner 鄭玄 《禮記》注曰:'徽,旌旗之名也。'"
   suì OC: sɢluds MC: zi 0 Attributions
  • nfeathered banner used by rulers while riding in chariots or carriages
   yú OC: k-la MC: ji̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • nbanner used at court by senior officials
   jié OC: tsiiɡ MC: tset 0 Attributions
  • n[banner the handle of whic is embellished with three buffalo's tails; used by ruler's messengers when carrying orders; see SUN 1991: 152; ill.: SUN 1991: 38-2[JM]
   suí OC: snul MC: si 0 Attributions
  • nbanner used on the occasion of the death of a Son of Heaven or of a member of his family
   dào OC: duuɡs MC: dɑu 0 Attributions
  • nbanner the handle of which is embellished with yak tails of with the tail feathers of birds, used by a king or ruler; this banner came to be used as the symbol of the senior commander of an army
旌夏   jīng xià OC: tseŋ ɡraaʔ MC: tsiɛŋ ɦɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • NPlarge banner (ZUO)
旌旃   jīng zhān OC: tseŋ tjan MC: tsiɛŋ tɕiɛn 0 Attributions
  • NPbanner, banners and pennons
法幢   fǎ chuáng OC: pab rdooŋ MC: pi̯ɐp ɖɣɔŋ 0 Attributions
  • NPabbuddhistBUDDH: banner of the dharma > the Buddhist teaching
節旄   jié máo OC: tsiiɡ moow MC: tset mɑu 0 Attributions
  • NPbanner; banners
重牙   chóng yá OC: doŋ ŋɡraa MC: ɖi̯oŋ ŋɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • NP[saw-like shaped down part of a banner; SUN: 1991: 150; ill.: SUN 1991: 38-1][JM]
龍子幡   lóng zǐ fān OC: b-roŋ sklɯʔ phan MC: li̯oŋ tsɨ phi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
  • NPembroidered banners (DCD 12.1461)

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: