Taxonomy of meanings for 施:

  • 施 shī (OC: lʰal MC: ɕiɛ) 式支切 平 廣韻:【施設亦姓左傳魯大夫施伯何氏姓苑云今沛人又式豉以寘二切 】
    • SCATTER
      • vispread; spread out
      • vt+prep+Nspread over
      • vtoNscatter and lay out
      • generalised: project oneself outwards through action>ACT
        • vtoNput into proper practice; put into generous practice; get properly done
        • vttoN1.+prep+N2do (something N1) (to someone N2) 勿施於
        • vttoN1.+prep+N2reflexive.己do N1 to (oneself)
        • vtoNabpejorative: perpetrate (evil acts)
        • vtoNmiddle voiceenact, put into practice
        • so as to impact upon>INFLUENCE
          • vt+prep+Nhave an impact on, have an influence on
          • abstract>FUNCTION
            • nabmetaphysicalfunction
            • vtoNfunction for
      • to others>DISTRIBUTE
        • vadNcharacterised by a tendency towards distributing what one has generously
        • vtoNdeploy generously; dispense generously to; show generosity to
        • vtt(oN1.)+N2ompresent (a gift N2) to someone determinate N1
        • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2omgive generously of something contextually determinate N1 to (the beneficiaries N2); dispense things to 施於
        • vttoN1.+N2distribute N1 all over or to N2
        • vttoN1.+prep+N2give generously of (something N1) to (the beneficiaries N2); dispense things to 施x於y
        • specific>GIVE
          • nsubjectwhat is given > alms
          • vt(oN)give away a contextually determinate N as an act of generosity
          • vt[oN]give away things generously
          • vtoNgive away generously
          • vtpostNgive generously
          • vttoN1(.+N2)give N1 to the contextually determinate N2
          • cause to have as an effect, bring about>CAUSE
            • vtoNabcause (pain etc) by one's actions
          • so as to prepare for use>PROVIDE
            • vtoNprovide
            • feature of those who provide for others>GENEROUS
              • nabactacts of generosity; kinds of generosity; generous support
              • vadNgenerously supplied
              • viactshow generosity in action
              • viimperativebe generous!
              • vt+prep+Nshow generosity towards, be beneficial towards; cultivate through generosity
              • vtoNgive alms to
              • vtoNmiddle voicereceive generosity
              • vt[oN]show generousity to people; give generous handouts to people
              • nabpsychologicalgenerosity
              • employ generously>USE
                • nab.texercise (of power) over N; use of N (probably ad hoc nominalisation, not really lexicalised. Must be deleted in the end, but can be kept as an example of the kind of thing we do not need. C.H.)
                • vtoNdeploy, make generous use of; make practical use of (e.g. a scaling ladder); exercise; dole out; apply
                • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: apply effectively to something else (by way of generalisation)JZ 9.3, Liu Hui 掇 comm: 將以施于諸率。故先具此術以見其源也 "(The canon) is designed to effectively apply this method to all lyu-triangles (or lyu-procedures). Therefore it first provides this procedure in order then to bring out into the open the source (from which all these lyu spring)."
            • object: benefit provided>PROFIT
              • nab.post-V{NUM}stativeadvantageous points; kinds of positive contribution
      • bandy abroad one's strong points>BOAST
        • vtoNdeploy demonstratively, act out boastfully
  • 施 shì (OC: lʰals MC: ɕiɛ) 施智切 去 廣韻:【易曰雲行雨施又式支切 】
  • 施 yi4 《集韻》以豉切,去寘,以。
  • 施 yi2 《集韻》:余支切。音移。
  • 施 =弛 shi3 《集韻》:賞是切。詩上聲。