BOAST  矜持

EXAGGERATE, OR SPEAK of, one's SELF:own GOOD FEATURES OR ACHIEVEMENTS.
BRAGCROWSWAGGERSWANKGLOATSHOW OFFEXAGGERATEOVERSTATETALK BIGBLOW ONE'S OWN HORNLAY IT ON THICK
Antonymy

APOLOGISEYIELD

See also

EXTRAVAGANT

Kind Of

EXAGGERATE

Old Chinese Criteria

[COMMENDATORY/DEROGATORY]

[EPISODIC/LASTING]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

[HIGH-DEGREE/LOW-DEGREE]

[PRACTICAL/VERBAL]

1. The commonest general word is probably jīn 矜 which refers to any degree of grandiloquence or bragging.

[GENERAL], [VERBAL]

2. Fá 伐 is an extreme form of bragging that clearly arouses negative reactions.

[DEROGATORY], [EPISODIC], [HIGH-DEGREE], [VERBAL]

3. Shī 施 is to show off, typically also through actions.

[EPISODIC], [PRACTICAL!]

4. Kuā 誇 refers to acts of grandiloquence not exclusively concerned with oneself. See EXAGGERATE.

[EPISODIC], [VERBAL]

5. Dàn 誕 tends to refer to boastfulness not as a concrete episode, but as a permanent feature of a person given to fraudulent self-aggrandising exaggeration.

[LASTING], [VERBAL]

Modern Chinese Criteria

拿架子 / 擺派頭

吹牛 is the most current modern word for boasting and bragging.

說大話 is a plain current expression for exaggeration and boasting.

說嘴 is a less common modern word for boasting or bragging.

誇嘴 focusses on exaggeration in bragging.

誇口 focusses on exaggeration in bragging.

吹擂 refers figuratively to boastful linguistic behaviour.

誇海口 refers in a lively idiomatic way ot boasting.

吹大氣 "blowing big breath" refers figuratively to boasting.

吹牛皮 "blow ox hide" refers figuratively and idiomatically to boasting.

吹法螺 refers in Buddhist terms to self-righteous over-confident talk.

自誇 focusses on self-obsession in boasting.

自詡 (lit) refers to self-aggrandisement.

自伐 (lit) refers in a classica fashion to self-advertising behaviour.

自矜 (lit) refers in a classica fashion to self-advertising behaviour.

伐善 focusses on the object of boasting being good points.

口出狂言 (prov) focusses on the the warranted wantonness of bragging.

大言不慚 (prov) focusses on the shamelessness of bragging.

自賣自誇 (prov) focusses on the absurdity of transparent bragging.

自吹自擂 (prov) focusses on the absurdity of transparent bragging.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

APRESJAN 2004 Novyj objasnitel'nyj Slovar' Sinonimov Russkogo Jazyka 1233

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 18.45

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

BOAST

iactatio refers to vanity as a making much of one's excellencies and merits, both in words and in actions, typically in a foolish manner.

gloriatio refers tothe open proclamation of one's excellencies and merits, with the accessory notion of insolence.

ostentatio refers to vanity as t he result of crafty calculation of the effect procuced, concealing the emptiness of the show.

venditatio refers to the display of vanity by open self-advertisement and the exaggeration of one's excellencies.

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 224

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

IACTANTIA

THEOPHRASTUS 1960 Theophrast, Charaktere no. 23

CAI SHAOWEI 2010 跟我學同義詞 27

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 300

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 17
  • vi : 6
  • VPi : 3
  • nab : 3
  • vt prep N : 2
  • vt(oN) : 2
  • NPab : 2
  • VPt(oN) : 1
  • vt+V[0] : 1
  • VPadN : 1
  • v[adN] : 1
  • vadN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 8
  • 荀子 : 5
  • 論語 : 4
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 4
  • 老子 : 4
  • 墨子 : 2
  • 晏子春秋 : 2
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 春秋左傳 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 文子 : 1

Words

   jīn OC: klɯŋ MC: kɨŋ 13 Attributions

The standard word is chuī 吹 (opp. xī 吸 "breathe in") and this word can have human, animal as well natural subjects, and the word can also refer to the playing of wind instruments. [GENERAL]

  • vt(oN)boast about the contextually determinate N
  • nabactbragging, boasting; self-assertiveness
  • vadNbragging (conduct)
  • viacttry to impress; boast, be boastful
  • vt+prep+Nboast about; be manifestly proud of 矜以
  • vt+V[0]boast of V-ing
  • vtoNboast about 矜其善
  • vtoNpsychboast about (oneself)
  • vt(oN)reflexive.自brag about oneself
   fá OC: bod MC: bi̯ɐt 11 Attributions

Fá 伐 is an extreme form of bragging that clearly arouses negative reactions. [DEROGATORY], [HIGH-DEGREE], [VERBAL]

  • vt(oN)boast about the contextually determinate N
  • nabpsychboastfulness
  • vibe boastful
  • vtoNbrag openly about, parade (one's good points)
  • vtoNpsychboast about (oneself)
夸誕   kuā dàn OC: khʷraa laanʔ MC: khɣɛ dɑn 5 Attributions
  • NPabactboasting, boastful talk
  • VPadNboastful, full of boastful exaggerations
  • VPiactengage in boasting
   dàn OC: laanʔ MC: dɑn 3 Attributions
  • nabactboastfulness
  • v[adN]nonreferentialthe boastful, those given to exaggeration
  • viactbe unreasonably boastful and fraudulent
   fèn MC: pjunH OC: pɯns 2 Attributions
  • vt prep Nbrag, boast about
   shī OC: lʰal MC: ɕiɛ 1 Attribution

Shī 施 is to show off, typically also through actions. [PRACTICAL!]

  • vtoNdeploy demonstratively, act out boastfully
謾誕   màn dàn OC: moons laanʔ MC: mʷɑn dɑn 1 Attribution
  • VPiactbe full of boatful lies
   kuā MC: khwae OC: khʷraa 1 Attribution
  • vtoN=誇 boast about
   shàng OC: djaŋs MC: dʑi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbrag about
   dà OC: daads MC: dɑi 1 Attribution
  • vtoNmake big words about, brag about
自矜   zì jīn jīng MC: dzijH king OC: sblids klɯŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)brag about the contextually determinate thing
   táng OC: ɡ-laaŋ MC: dɑŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNboast
   xuàn OC: ɡʷeens MC: ɦen 0 Attributions
  • vtoNboast of, advertise (自矜也。《慧琳音義》卷八「衒賣」注引《韻英》。)
   kuā OC: khʷraa MC: khɣɛ 0 Attributions

Kuā 誇 refers to grandiloquence not exclusively concerned with oneself. See EXAGGERATE.

  • nabactboasting
   chà OC: phrlaaɡs MC: ʈhɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNrare, Sima Xiangru: exaggerate, boast

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: