SPEAK so as to SEEM to CAUSE OTHERS TO BELIEVE that THINGS are GREATER in SIZE, DEGREE of FEATURES, OR IMPORTANCE than they REALLY are.
SPEAKACT so as to USE WORDS FOR SHOWING MEANING.*Speech by speaker X, directed towards audience Y, in order to communicate message Z. -> ACTMOVE OR NOT MOVE CONFORMING to one's SELF:own DECIDE:decision. -> MOVECHANGE PLACE OR SITUATION. -> CHANGEEVENT involving two MOMENTS t1 and t2, such that a THING at the MOMENT t1 is DIFFERENT FROM that THING at the MOMENT t2. -> EVENTREALITY that ARISES in TIME. -> REALITYEXIST and NOT ONLY BE IMAGINED. -> EXISTBE-IN the UNIVERSE of SPACE AND TIME. -> BE INRELATION between a THING AND what that THING FILLS OR PART:partially FILLS. -> RELATIONFEATURE of TWO OR MORE THINGS TOGETHER. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A
EXTRAVAGANTWASTE:wasteful so as to OFTEN EXCESSIVELY USE PROPERTY OR MONEY FOR AMUSEMENT.CHEATCRIME of CAUSING OTHERS TO BELIEVE to be TRUE what one KNOWS is NOT TRUE AND TYPICALLY to CAUSE THEM THEREFORE TO SUFFER DAMAGE.EXCESSIVEINTENSELY to a MORE than APPROPRIATELY BIG DEGREE.
- BOAST EXAGGERATE, OR SPEAK of, one's SELF:own GOOD FEATURES OR ACHIEVEMENTS.
Old Chinese Criteria
1. The general word for exaggeration is kuā 誇.
2. Huāng táng 荒唐 refers to an extravagant and exaggerated use of language. See EXTRAVAGANT
Modern Chinese Criteria
誇張 is the current modern word for exaggeration.
誇大 is another current word which focusses on the enlarging aspect of exaggeration.
虛誇 focussed the unwarranted nature of exaggeration.
浮誇 focusses the arbitrary nature of exaggeration.
誇飾 focusses on the factor of embellishment in exaggeration.
誇耀 refers to exaggerating one's own good points, and is close to BOAST.
誇大其詞 (prov) refers idiomatically to the practice of exaggeration.
張大其詞 (prov) refers idiomatically to the practice of exaggeration.
過甚其詞 (prov) refers in an elevated idiomatic way to the practice of exaggeration.
言過其實 (prov) refers matter-of-factly but idiomatically to the practice of exaggeration.
rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH ／
Old Chinese Contrasts
Note how much less we need UNDERSTATE!
Attributions by syntactic funtion
Attributions by text
- 呂氏春秋 : 2
- 莊子 : 2
- 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1
- 禮記 : 1
- 毛詩 : 1
誇 / 夸 kuā OC: khʷraa MC: khɣɛ kuā OC: khʷraa MC: khɣɛ 3 Attributions
The general word for exaggeration is kuā 誇. The general word for exaggeration is kuā 誇.
- viactmake big words, exaggerate; be grandiloquent; be boastful
- vtoNbrag in front of
大 dà OC: daads MC: dɑi 1 Attribution
- vtoNexaggerate 自大其事
廣 guǎng OC: kʷaaŋʔ MC: kɑŋ 1 Attribution
- vtoNputativehave an exaggerated view of (oneself)
荒唐 huāng táng OC: hmaaŋ ɡ-laaŋ MC: hɑŋ dɑŋ 1 Attribution
Huāng táng 荒唐 refers to an extravagant and exaggerated use of language. See EXTRAVAGANT
- vadNexaggerated, extravagant
虛誕 xū dàn OC: qhla laanʔ MC: hi̯ɤ dɑn 1 Attribution
- VPibe hyperbolicl, be fictitious and exaggerated
唐 táng OC: ɡ-laaŋ MC: dɑŋ 0 Attributions
- vadNexaggerated (only in 荒唐)
多 duō OC: k-laal MC: tɑ 0 Attributions
- vtoN.post-Npropsychoverestimate one's own N
渥 wò OC: qrooɡ MC: ʔɣɔk 0 Attributions
- vtoNexaggerate the importance of
張 zhāng OC: krlaŋ MC: ʈi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
- vtoNmagnify; exaggerate
Existing SW for
Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: