nprname of a state Qín was a semi-barbarian powerful western state, formally enfeoffed as one of the feudal lord states in the eighth century B.C., came to annex all the other states and created the first united Chinese empire in 221 B.C.. For the history of the capitals see Qū 1991: 159-208.
Developed at the Center for Informatics in East-Asian Studies, Institute for Research in Humanities, Kyoto University, with support from the
Dean for Research, Department of East Asian Studies, and
Program in East Asian Studies, Princeton University.
Hosted by Princeton University, Department of East Asian Studies, in cooperation with Ruhr University Bochum, Center for the Study of Traditional Chinese Cultures .
Heidelberg University - Cluster of Excellence - Asia and Europe in a Global Context
and IKOS - University of Oslo