Taxonomy of meanings for 持:

  • 持 chí (OC: ɡrlɯ MC: ɖɨ) 直之切 平 廣韻:【執持 】
    • HOLD
      • vtoNpassivebe held
      • vtoNcontinuoushold on to
      • vtoNfigurativehold on to, not let go of
      • inchoatieve>TAKE
        • vt(oN)continuoustake along
        • vtoN.adVtake N and V it
        • vtoNinchoativepick up; take
        • grammaticalised: take and>OBJECT MARKER
          • vt(+N.)adVttake the object and V it
          • vtoNab.adVtoNN=abstractobject marker, precursor of 將 and 把 (used in sutra translations (the earliest dating from 2nd cent.) and Buddhist texts (see especially FOBEN XINGJI JING); for examples see SOURCES)
          • vtoN1.adVtoN2object marker, precursor of 將 and 把 (used in sutra translations (the earliest dating from 2nd cent.) and Buddhist texts (see especially FOBEN XINGJI JING); for examples see SOURCES) FOBEN XINGJI JING, T.3/190: 661c15 是故我今持此摩尼置於塔上。
        • with difficultry:CATCH
          • vtoNget hold of, catch (an eel)
        • and take care of>KEEP
          • vt(oN)keep the contextually determinate object N
          • vtoNmaintain and support; continue to have; maintain the existence of; hold on to, keep;
          • vtoNtry to hold on to
        • so as to deploy for one's purposes>USE
          • vtoN.adVusing N to V
        • politically>SUPPORT
          • vtoNsupport; German: unter den Arm greifen;
      • maintain linguistically>SPEAK
        • vtoNmaintain (a claim), take the position that; maintain (a set standard)
        • vtoNpassivebe maintained, be upheld as an intellectual position
      • figurative> hold onto pattern of behaviour>CONFORM
        • vtoNadhere to, conform to
        • causative:CONSTRAIN
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            • causative>CONTROL
                • bureaucratic>GOVERN
                  • vtoNmaintain, be in charge of; be in firm control and take good care of
                  • vtoNpassivebe sorted out; be dealt with
          • and move along>CARRY
            • vt(oN.)adVtaking along the contextually determinte object
            • vtoN.adV(carrying along)> with
            • vtoNhold and carry, take along; carry along; support with one's hands
            • vtoNimperativecarry!
        • =恃RELY ON
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