Taxonomy of meanings for 恐:

  • 恐 kǒng (OC: khoŋʔ MC: kʰioŋ) 丘隴切 上 廣韻:【懼也丘隴切又丘用切三 】
    • FEAR
      • nabpsychfear, fright; an atmosphere of fear
      • vt(postN1[EGO].)postN2:+V{PRED}parenthetic- I'm afraid - 國恐傷 "the state - I'm afraid - will suffer injury/harm"
      • vt[0]oSI am afraid that S
      • vt[oN]stativeto be very scared (of things); be terrified (of things)
      • vt[oN]changeget very scared; get terrified
      • vt+V[0]be afraid that V; be afraid to V
      • vt+V[0]V=passivefear to be V-ed, be afraid of being V-ed
      • vtoNbe terrified by the thought of, be very worried by and fearful of
      • vtoNPab{S}be afraid that S
      • vtoSbe very much afraid that S, live in fear that S
      • causative>FRIGHTEN
        • vtoNcausative(cause to be frightened>) frighten, terrify; terrorise
        • vtoNcausativebe frightened by
      • intellectual>WORRY
          3
          • cognitive>BELIEVE
            • vt[0]oSI'm afraid S, I think that S
            • grammaticalised>CERTAIN
              • vtoSbe afraid that > certainly will
    • 恐 kòng (OC: khoŋs MC: kʰioŋ) 區用切 去 廣韻:【疑也區用切三 】 康熙字典: 《廣韻》區用切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》欺用切,去聲。疑也,慮也,億度也。
      • THINK
          • resultative>BELIEVE
            • vt[0]oSI'm afraid S, I think that S
            ???