Taxonomy of meanings for 愛:

  • ài (OC: qɯɯds MC: ʔəi) 烏代切 去 廣韻:【㤅古文 】
  • ài (OC: qɯɯds MC: ʔəi) 烏代切 去 廣韻:【憐也説文作𢙴行皃烏代切九 】
  • ài (OC: qɯɯds MC: ʔəi) 烏代切 去 廣韻:【惠也 】
    • LOVE
      • npassivebeloved person
      • nab. prep Npsychlove (for something)
      • nabpsychloving care; love; feelings of love; sollicitousness; active affection
      • nabnegativenegatively: love as the grasping after someone attractive or something pleasant, thereby attaching oneself to a person or an object (often used with connotation in BUDDH. texts)
      • nadNcharacterised by love; constituted by love
      • vadNloving, fond; sollicitous; characterised by a positive attitude
      • vadNpassivebeloved 愛子 "beloved son" rather than "loving son"
      • vadNcontinuousbeloved (concubine, son etc); dear
      • vadNpsychcharacterised by loving or in any case positive emotions
      • vt(oN)love the contextually determinate person
      • vt[oN]be loving, be sollicitous; be properly caring (as an elder brother for his younger brother)
      • vtoNlove and care for, take loving care of; generally: take proper care of (one's person/life)
      • vtoNfondlybe especially fond of (also abstract things)
      • vtoNobject=superiorbe well-disposed towards support emotionally; have loving feelings towards and take loving care of (superiors)
      • vtoNpassivebe loved, be beloved; be the object of sollicitous care
      • vtoNinchoativefall in love with
      • vtoNpsychlove (oneself)
      • vtoNpsychlove (oneself) 愛己
      • vtoNpsychshow great care for (oneself)
      • vtoNreciprocallove (each other)
      • vtoNsexualhave an affair with, conduct a love affair with
      • vtoNeroticbe in love with; love dearly; be very fond of; have very fond feelings for; be emotionally attached to
      • vtoNnon-erotichave fond feelings for (the people) etc
      • viactbehave lovingly; show love
      • for those in distress>SYMPATHY
        • consequent unwillingness to part with>STINGY
          • nabpsychstinginess
          • viactbe parsimonious; be stingy
          • vtoNbe chary with; begrudge, be stingy with; be possessive about; be loath to lose
          • vtoNreflexive.自German: "sich selber schonen", be unwilling to sacricifice oneself; be stingy with oneself
          • vtoNfigurativebe "stingy" with; be stinting with
          • vtoNreflexive.己German: "sich selber schonen", be unwilling to sacricifice oneself; spare oneself; be stingy with oneself
        • comparative>PREFER
          • vtoNlove more> prefer
          • emotional>LIKE
            • nabdispositionlikes, loves, preferences; favouritism
            • vadNcraving (mentality etc)
            • vt+prep+Ngradedlove more than 法愛於民"The laws he loves more than the people"
            • vtoNactprefer in action
            • vtoNgraded愛人"like others": like
            • vtoNpsychbe especially fond of; appreciate more; like, show an emotional preference for; be psychologically more attached to (something, compared to others); sometimes specifically: have as a protegé
            • v[adN]N=obja person well liked
            • object>FRIEND
              • npassiveone who is loved> a person who is on intimate terms with someone
              • grammaticalised>YOU
              • action>SAFEGUARD
                • vtoNtake good care of, care well for, keep well and intact
                • vtoNderivedspare, keep safe (those who might be harmed)
                • lovingly>CARE FOR
                  • vtoNtake good care of; 好好照顧
                  • vt[oN]nonreferentialcare well for people
                  • vtoNespeciallytake special/preferential care for
                  • nabloving care, preferential care for others
                  • vtoNpsychologicalbe concerned for the well-being of
                  • vtoNderivedpsychological: be psychologically concerned for; be preoccupied with
              • GENEROUS
                • behaviour>HABIT
                  • repeatedly>OFTEN
                    • excessively>GREEDY
                      • erotic>LUST
                        • nabpsychlustful preference> lust
                        • action>COPULATE
                          • vt+prep+Npassivebe the object of the sexual attentions of; enjoy the sexual favours of