COPULATE  性交

COOPERATE USING ONE'S GENITALS.
COPULATIONHAVE SEXUAL INTERCOURSE WITHMAKE LOVE WITHMAKE LOVE TOSLEEP WITHGO TO BED WITHMATE WITHCOPULATE WITHSEDUCERAPEDO IT WITHGO ALL THE WAY WITHKNOW IN THE BIBLICAL SENSEBONKBOINKBOFFGET IT ON WITHBE INTIMATE WITHRAVISHFORNICATE WITH
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for copulation applying to both humans and animals, are jiāo 交, hé 合, and these are all rather discrete abstract terms to use.

2. Yù 御 refers to a male "riding" a female, and the word has no negative overtones.

3. Tōng 通 and sī 私 are neutral historian's terms for improper sexual intercourse.

4. Xì 戲 refers to a man making a sexual pass at a woman (occasionally actually one's own wife!).

5. Yín 淫 and huì 穢 are derogatory terms for engaging in lewd sexual activities with someone.

6. Xìng 幸 refers periphrastically and politely in historical texts to enjoying the sexual favours, typically of an emperor. See also FAVOUR

7. Zhēng 烝 refers to the ritual establishment of political relations with a widowed woman of one's senior generation through publicised spending of a night with her.

8. Bào 報 refers to establishing extramarital sexual relations with a woman of a (normally) lower but sometimes also of a higher generation, but not normally of the same generation.

9. Gǔ 蠱 refers to a male using irregular means to obtain the sexual favours of a woman he is not married to.

NB: gòu 構/媾 was late to become current as a term for sexual union.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

HUMAN AFFAIRS 53.

合,男女結合的通稱。

交,男女性交的行為。

構,男女性結合,所帶賓語非交媾對象。

御,男子主動與女子同房。

姦,違逆禮法的、非婚姻關係的性行為的總稱。

奸,強奸。

淫,過度的性行為。

亂,違背人倫的性關係。

通,不合禮法卻兩廂情願的性行為。

私,通奸,一般用於女子。

幸,皇帝與皇后之外的女子發生性關係的婉詞。

烝、報,奴隸制時期盛行的合法性關係,漢代以後被視為通奸、亂倫。

烝,父親死後,兒子與生母之外的諸母交合。

報,指叔、兄死後,侄、弟與嬸母、寡嫂交合。

Modern Chinese Criteria

性交

交媾

交股

交歡

雲雨

行房

同房

寢合

共寢

人道

薦枕席

發生關係

倒鳳顛鸞

顛鸞倒鳳

性生活

性行為

房事

雲雨

人道

床第之歡

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 21.43

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 4.67

DIFFERENTIAE I De differentiis 114

STUPRUM, INCESTUM, ADULTERIUM

Stuprum in virgine, incestum in parente vel vidua, adulterium in nupta.

13. Inter Adulterium et fornicationem. Quod adulterium est alienam uxorem appetere, fornicatio vero non est adulteratio matrimonii foederis, sed cum aliis solutis moechari.

263. Inter Fornicationem et adulterium. Adulterium [col. 37B] est conjugalis tori inquinamentum, fornicatio vero amor legitimo conjugio solutus, et vagus, explendae libidinis consectando licentiam. Scripturae autem solent fornicationem vocare omnem illicitam corruptionem, sicut est idololatria, et avaritia, ex quibus fit transgressio legis, propter [ Al., per] illicitam concupiscentiam. Fornicatio autem sumpsit nomen a quibusdam aedificiis arcuatis quos fornices antiqui vocabant, 35 in quibus meretrices constitutae prostituebantur. Meretrices autem dicuntur a merendo, id est, promerendo stipendia libidinis. Unde et milites, cum stipendia accipiunt, mereri dicuntur.

116

FORNICATIO, ADULTERIUM

Long discussion.

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

ADULTERIUM

FORNICATIO

POIRIER 1991 Histoire des moeurs 2.929-978

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 368

BORCHERT 2005 The Encyclopedia of Philosophy

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

SEXUALITY

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 17
  • vt+prep+N : 9
  • vtpost-.VtoN : 4
  • vt[oN] : 4
  • VPi : 3
  • nab : 3
  • NP : 2
  • VPtpost.vt(oN) : 2
  • nadN : 1
  • VPt(oN) : 1
  • VPtpost.vt+N : 1
  • NPab : 1
  • vi : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 14
  • 百喻經 : 8
  • 韓非子 : 8
  • 論衡 : 4
  • 史記 : 4
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 老子 : 1
  • 黃帝內經 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

   tōng OC: kh-looŋ MC: thuŋ 11 Attributions

Tōng 通 and sī 私are neutral historian's terms for improper sexual intercourse.

  • nabactsexual intercourse [examples???]
  • vtoNhave sexual relations with
  • vtpost-.VtoNcopulate with 與之通
  • vt+prep+Nhave sexual relations with
   yù OC: ŋas MC: ŋi̯ɤ 5 Attributions

Yù 御 refers to a male "riding" a female, and the word has no negative overtones.

  • vt[oN](of a king) copulate with ladies
  • vtoNsleep with
   xìng OC: ɢreeŋʔ MC: ɦɣɛŋ 4 Attributions

Xìng 幸 refers periphrastically and politely in historical texts to enjoying the sexual favours, typically of an emperor. See also FAVOUR

  • vt+prep+Nbe so fortunate as to enjoy the sexual attentions of (a superior, typically a ruler)
  • vtoNenjoy favours from a superior; (as a superior) pay favourable sexual attention to, choose to have sex with
   xì OC: qhras MC: hiɛ 3 Attributions

Xì 戲 refers to a man making a sexual pass at a woman (occasionally actually one's own wife!).

  • vt[oN]have sex; ingage in sexual activities
  • vtoNmake a pass at
   zhēng OC: kjɯŋ MC: tɕɨŋ 3 Attributions

Zhēng 烝 refers to the ritual establishment of political relations with a widowed woman of one's senior generation through publicised spending of a night with her.

  • vt+prep+Nhave sexual relations with (a person of a higher generation or of higher status)
  • vtoNhave sexual relations with (a person of a higher generation or a superior for political reasons)
交通   jiāo tōng OC: kreew kh-looŋ MC: kɣɛu thuŋ 3 Attributions
  • NPabactcopulation, sexual act
  • VPtpost.vt(oN)sleep with the contextually determinate N
   jiāo OC: kreew MC: kɣɛu 2 Attributions

The current general word for copulation applying to both humans and animals, are jiāo 交, hé 合, and these are all rather discrete abstract terms to use.

  • vt[oN]have sexual intercourse; to pair
  • vtoNhave sexual intercourse with
   hé OC: ɡloob MC: ɦəp 2 Attributions

The current general word for copulation applying to both humans and animals, are jiāo 交, hé 合, and these are all rather discrete abstract terms to use.

  • vtpost.N1+N2N1 and N2 copulate
  • nabactsexual union
  • vtoNcopulate; mate
傍夫   páng fū OC: baaŋ pa MC: bɑŋ pi̯o 2 Attributions
  • NPillicit lover
   nèi OC: nuubs MC: nuo̝i 1 Attribution
  • vtoNsurely read nà 納: invite in in order to conduct sexual intercourse
   bào OC: puuɡs MC: pɑu 1 Attribution

Bào 報 refers to establishing extramarital sexual relations with a woman of a (normally) lower but sometimes also of a higher generation, but not normally of the same generation.

  • vtoNacteuphemistic: enter into an erotic relation with a woman from a younger generation.
   zī OC: tsɯ MC: tsɨ 1 Attribution
  • viactcopulate; breed
   ài OC: qɯɯds MC: ʔəi 1 Attribution
  • vt+prep+Npassivebe the object of the sexual attentions of; enjoy the sexual favours of
   huì OC: ɡloobs MC: ɦɑi 1 Attribution
  • nabactsexual intercourse
   yóu OC: lu MC: jɨu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcopulate with (members of the opposite sex)
   huì OC: qʷads MC: ʔi̯ɐi 1 Attribution

Yín 淫 and huì 穢are derogatory terms for engaging in lewd sexual activities with someone.

  • nabactillegitimate sexual partners, indecent releations
   zhú OC: rlɯwɡ MC: ɖuk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNpursue sexually; seek to elope with
   fēng OC: plum MC: puŋ 1 Attribution
  • nadNready to copulate, on heat
交往   jiāo wǎng OC: kreew ɢʷaŋʔ MC: kɣɛu ɦi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPtpost.vt+Nhave sexual relations with
入房   rù fáng OC: njub baŋ MC: ȵip bi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPiactretire to bedchambe (to have in sex)
游牝 / 游牝   yóu bì OC: lu biʔ MC: jɨu bi yóu pìn OC: lu biŋʔ MC: jɨu bin 1 Attribution
  • VPicopulate with the females
視寢   shì qǐn OC: ɡljils skhimʔ MC: dʑi tshim 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)sleep with a contextually determinate person N
為人   wéi rén OC: ɢʷal njin MC: ɦiɛ ȵin 1 Attribution
  • VPiactengage in sexual intercourse
   shì OC: dzrɯs MC: ɖʐɨ 0 Attributions
       gǎn OC: koomʔ MC: kəm 0 Attributions
    • viactbe moved to copulate ???
       jiē OC: skeb MC: tsiɛp 0 Attributions
    • vtoNcopulate with (Feng Menglong) 明 馮夢龍 《古今譚概·口碑·晉帝奕》:" 晉帝 奕 夙有痿疾,便左右 向龍 與內侍接,生子,以為己子。"
       nán OC: noom MC: nəm 0 Attributions
    • viactmale > to engage in sexual activities as male with a female (LI WEIQI 2004: 271) 妒者,見他行婬事,然後身生起,是名妒,不能南。 (T.22/1425: 418ā)
    易內   yì nèi OC: leɡ nuubs MC: jiɛk nuo̝i 0 Attributions
    • VPi2have sex with each other's wives/concubines
    行欲   xíng yù OC: ɢraaŋ k-loɡ MC: ɦɣaŋ ji̯ok 0 Attributions
    • VPiactengage in/act on desires > engage in sexual activities (can also refer to masturbation)
    衽席之好   rèn xí zhī hǎo OC: njɯms sɢljaɡ kljɯ qhuuʔ MC: ȵim ziɛk tɕɨ hɑu 0 Attributions
    • NPabactthe joys of sex; copulation
    衽席之愛   rèn xí zhī ài OC: njɯms sɢljaɡ kljɯ qɯɯds MC: ȵim ziɛk tɕɨ ʔəi 0 Attributions
    • NPabactsexual acts of love
    人道   rén dào OC: njin ɡ-luuʔ MC: ȵin dɑu 0 Attributions
    • NPabactsexual intercourse SJ 張守節正義: 言不能行人道 "cannot conduct sexual intercourse"

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: