Taxonomy of meanings for 居:

  • jī (OC: kɯ MC: kɨ) 居之切 平 廣韻:【語助見禮 】
  • jū (OC: ka MC: kiɔ) 九魚切 平 廣韻:【當也處也安也九魚切十四 】
    • SIT
      • vi[0]imperativesit down and don't go away!
      • viactsit NB: DUAN YUCAI 399 IS EXEMPLARY IN HIS EXPLANATION OF MODES OF SITTING. THE ORACLE BONE CHARACTER FOR 居 DEFINITELY REFERS TO SQUATTING AND NOT KNEELING. SHUOWEN DEFINES 居蹲也, THE SHUOWEN CHARACTER FOR 居 WHICH HAS 几 FOR 古 AND MEANS "STAY IN, LIVE IN" WAS LATER CONFLATED WITH THE ORACLE BONE CHARACTER WHICH THUS CAME TO HAVE TWO MEANINGS: 1. SIT, SQUAT; 2. STAY; AND THE LATTER HAS COME TO PREVAIL.
      • vt(oN)sit on the contextually determinate object
      • vtoNsit in
      • general>DWELL
        • nabactdeciding where to live; choice of dwelling place
        • vt[oN]choose to live in a place
        • vt+prep+Ndwell in
        • vt+prep+Ninchoativeto settle (in a place) to find a dwelling (somewhere); take up residence in
        • vtoNdwell in for longish time LY 15 居是邦 "when living in such-and-such a state"
        • vtoNinchoativesettle in, go to reside in, take up residence in
        • vtoNN=humansettle among
        • vtoNstativebe situated in; have one's (permanent, or at least lasting) abode in; spend one's time (with someone); transferred: be in (such-and-such a condition)
        • vtoNabfind oneself in (a situation etc)
        • vt(oN)live in the contextually determinate place N
        • vttoN1.+prep+N2causativecause N1 to live in the place N2
        • vt(oN)live in some place
        • vt[oN]live in a place
        • vtoNtreat as one's permanent home
        • continuative>REMAIN
          • viacttake one's place; remain with a person; remain in a place; stay put
          • alive>LIVE
            • v[adN]N=humanalive person
          • in one’s dwelling>BE AT HOME
            • viactdwell at home; live in peace and quiet; stay at home opp. xíng 行 "be travelling".
            • v[adN]N=huma person staying at home
            • inactive>REST
              • vtoNrest (one's mind etc)
              • DELETEact
              • viactrest
          • quality>PEACEFUL
            • vibe at peace; be serene
            • active>ACT
              • nabactdeportment, comportment
              • viactbehave, act 安居"how shall I behave?"
              • vtoNcontinuousengage in (a practice); keep doing (something) as part of one's non-official personal conduct
          • CONFORM
            • vt(oN)comport oneself in accordance with (a contextually determinate object); practise some virtue; aspire to achievement of a certain virtue
            • vtoNprepositionbehave according to (a position) 居於, comport oneself in accordance with, practise the virtue of
            • HOME
              • ndwelling
              • nsingularhome address; place where one lives, one's home; conditions at home
        • abstract>BE IN
          • vtoNbe located in; occupy (a space, or a space of time, or a part)
          • vtoNfigurativebe in and fill (a social position) be in (a situation)
          • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
          • vtoNcausativecause to be in: put in the place N
          • occur, of time, “pass”>HAPPEN
            • vt0oN{SUBJ}e.g. 居一年 "after one year had passed": there passed (a certain period of time) 
            • THEREUPON
              • vi0adSafter a while passeed, S1
              • vt0oN.adSN=timeafter (such-and-such a time) LIT: when (such and such a time) had passed
          • causative>ACCUMULATE
            • vtoNgather, accumulate; set aside (necessities of life etc)
          • occupy>POSSESS
            • vtoNfigurativedwell on, sit on> be possessive about
            • vt(oN)figurativebe possessive about, treat as one's personal property or achievement