Taxonomy of meanings for 又:

  • yòu (OC: ɢʷɯs MC: ɦiu) 于救切 去 廣韻:【又猶更也 】
    • MOREOVER
      • padSmoreover
      • padV.postN{SUBJ}:postSmoreover
      • padVmoreover, in addition to everything else, on top of everything else
      • padS1.postS2and moreover
      • against expectations>NONETHELESS
        • padVlikewise, nonetheless; meanwhile (colloquial)
      • a second time>REPEAT
        • vieventhappen again 天命不又 "Heaven's appointment is not repeated"
        • grammaticalised:AGAIN
          • padVonce more, again (as in 又戰 "fight another battle")
          • vtoNrepeat (the same action)
        • new subject/object, with variation>ALSO
          • padV.post-Salso the predicate; also the object; in addition; moreover; to make things worse
          • padV.postN:postSalso
          • padV.postN{SUBJ}:post-Ssentence connective: moreover, in addition; in addition even
          • pad.VtoNreference=Nalso the object N
          • padS1.postS2also
          • padS1.postS2but also; but there again
          • padV.postN{SUBJ}:post-Sreference=subjectthe subject V-s too
          • between predicates>AND
            • padN1.postN2OBI 5: and in addition (between two noun phrases)
            • vtoN1.postN2and 一身有半 (loan for yòu 又)
            • padv{NUM}.post-v{NUM}and in addition
          • focus on difference>OTHER
            • pad.npro{Q}{OBJ}+Vtelse 又何"what else?"
    • HAND UP JIE HUIQUAN 2005: 986