Taxonomy of meanings for 比:

  • bì (OC: biɡ MC: bit) 毗必切 入 廣韻:【比次又毗妣鼻三音 】
  • bì (OC: pis MC: pi) 必至切 去 廣韻:【近也併也 】
  • bǐ (OC: piʔ MC: pi) 卑履切 上 廣韻:【校也並也爾雅曰北方有比肩民焉迭食而迭望蓋半體人也又毗鼻邲三音 】
  • bì (OC: bis MC: bi) 毗至切 去 廣韻:【近也又阿黨也又房脂必履扶必三切 】
  • pí (OC: bi MC: bi) 房脂切 平 廣韻:【和也並也又匕鼻邲三音 】
    • JUXTAPOSE
      • vadNaligned
      • vtoNadjust to fit closely together, allign so that things become adjacent to each other
      • vi2be aligned, be close to each other
      • resultative>NEAR
        • vadNneighbouring 比室 "neighbouring houses"
        • vtoNkeep together (as shoulders), keep close to and rely on
        • grammaticalised: in time>WHEN
          • vt0oS1.adS2when, at the point when
          • vtoN.adVby the time of N
          • specifically>PAST
              比日 “in those days”
          • action>CONFORM
            • vtoNstativebe appropriate for
            比中 “follow the mean”
            • conative>EMULATE
              • vtoNemulate
            • abstract>RESEMBLE
              • vtoNcopulabe like, be along the same lines as
              • vttoN1.+N2causativecause (oneself) to resemble a man of superior character
              • vttoN1.+prep+N2to be just like (something), succeed in reaching a standard (of something)
              • at many different times>OFTEN
                • vadVin-a-row> frequently
            • ALL
                比家 “all families”
              • feature> HARMONIOUS
          • COMPARE
            • nabcomparison; point of comparison
            • vt{PASS}oN1.postadN2compared to
            • vt+prep+Nbe comparable to
            • vtoNjuxtapose and compare as similar; make comparisons with
            • vtoNpassivebe juxtaposed and considered as comparable, be compared
            • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2omcompare the contextually determinate object N1 to (something N2)
            • vtt[0](oN.)+prep+N:adVto V by comparison with N
            • vtt[0](oN1.)+N2:adVif one compares it with; by comparison with
            • vtt[0]oN1.+prep+N2one can compare/liken N1 to N2
            • vttoN1:postvtoN2compare
            • vttoN1.+N2compare (something N1) to (something else N2)
            • vttoN1.+prep+N2compare (something or somebody N1) to (something or somebody N2)爾何曾比予於管仲
        • COOPERATE
          • vtoNjoin with, ally onself with
          • action: support>HELP
              • feature: specific>PARTIAL
                • viactbe partial; form factions
                周而不比
                • action: political>FACTION
                  • vt[oN]form factions, gang up
                • agent: emotional>FRIEND
                  • vtoNbe on friendly terms with 與x比 (an object typically introduced by a preposed prepositional phrase)
                  • nabpsychpartial friendship
              • grammaticalised>FOR
                • vtoN.adVon behalf of
            • GATHER
              • vtoNassemble (SHI)