Taxonomy of meanings for 殺:

  • shài (OC: sreeds MC: ʃɯæi) 所拜切 去 廣韻:【殺害又疾也猛也亦降殺周禮注云殺衰小之也又所八切 】
  • shā (OC: sreed MC: ʃɯæt) 所八切 入 廣韻:【殺命説文戮也所八切七 】
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        • specifically: a life>KILL
          • vtoN不免有殺身之禍have (someone/onself) killed; cause someone/oneself to lose his life, The general word, to be used about animals as well as humans (and occasionally about plants as well), for whatever cause or reason and with whatever means; (sometimes the killed person comes to life again as in ZUO 7.8.1.1
          • vtoNcausativecause someone to sacrifice his life; cause someone to get killed
          • vtoNpassiveget killed
          • vadNdesigned for killing, mortal
          • nabactthe act of killing> the taking of people's lives; murder
          • vadNpassive(who gets killed>) murdered
          • vt[oN]kill people, take the measure of killing people; kill animals (in hunt)
          • vtoNN=nonhukill (an animal)
          • nabcausativeact in a manner that will lead to the death of; cause the death of, cause to get killed; get (e.g. oneself) killed
          • nabactgetting killed
          • vtoNreflexive.自kill (oneself)
          • vtoNpassiveoften: get (oneself) killed; cause one's own death indirectly (not by suicie); sometimes: kill (oneself)
          • vtpostadVresultativeresultative verbal complement (complement of degree?): V to the extant of killing N 踏殺 trample to death
          • vpostadVV to death
          • vt(oN)kill the contextually determinate object
          • nabautonymthe word 殺
          • vt+prep+NN=humkill (somebody)
          • vtoNobject=rulerkill (ruler)
          • vtoNintentionintended to kill; run a campaign to get N killed
          • vtoNsubject=statekill
          • vtoNfigurativebe responsible for the death of
          • vtoNkill
          • vtoNpassivederived: risk getting killed
          • officially>EXECUTE
            • nabactexecutions
            • vtoNsubject=dukeexecute;
          • illegally>MURDER
            • vtoNkill somebody in an illegitimate way
          • general>DESTROY
              • try unsuccessfully>INJURE
                  • specifically>CUT
                    • vtoNcut up, cut into convenient pieces
                • generalised>DAMAGE
                  • vtoNcausativework against the interests of, clip the wings of, reduce the number of; cause harm to
                • destroy sovereignty of>CONQUER
              • object inanimate>EXTINGUISH
                • vtoNto extinguish (fire)
            • of leafy plants>WITHER
                • grammaticalised, post-verbal: right to the end>INTENSELY
                  • vpostadVpostverbal intensifier