Taxonomy of meanings for 苦:

  • 苦 kǔ (OC: khaaʔ MC: kʰuo) 康杜切 上 廣韻:【麤也勤也患也説文曰大苦苓也康杜切二 】
    • BITTER
      • nmnonreferentialthe bitter; what is bitter
      • vadNbitter; unpleasant to taste
      • vadNfigurativebitter
      • vibe bitter; feel bitter
      • vt+prep+Nbe bitter to
      • vt+prep+Ngradedbe more bitter than
      • vtoNputativefind bitterness in
      • vtoNstativebe bitter to 良藥苦舌
      • nabfeaturebitterness
    • DISTRESS
      • nabpsychdistress; hardship
      • v[adN]nonreferentialthose who are in hard circumstances, those who have a hard time; those who suffer hardship
      • vadNcharacterised by bitter distress
      • vibe in hard circumstances, suffer hardship; be distressful; (of tasks) be hard work; be devoid of joy 樂
      • vt+prep+Ngradedbe harder to bear, be more distressful than
      • vtoNcausativecause distress to; embitter
      • vtoNcausativecause (oneself) pain, wear (oneself) out completeley
      • vtoNcausativecause bitter distress to (oneself)
      • vtoNputativefind distressful
    • EFFORT
      • viactput in a strenuous effort
    • HATE
      • nsubj=nonhumanwhat is hateful or irritating and not conducive to one's purposes
      • vt+prep+Nfeel resentment towards, find irritating
      • vt+V[0]hate to V
      • vtoNgradedfind troublesome and irritating, dislike as something highly inconvenient 最苦
    • SUFFER
      • nabpsych(the emotion of) suffering
      • nabeventsufferings
      • viactdecide to undergo hardship
      • vieventsuffer hardship
      • vt+V[0]suffer the consequences of V-ing
      • vtoNsuffer bitterly from N; suffer bitter harm from; feel bitter about
      • vtoSexpose yourself to the occurrence of S, suffer that S
    • TIRED
      • vtoNcausativeembitter through strain, tire out (one's strength)
  • 苦 kù (OC: khaas MC: kʰuo) 苦故切 去 廣韻:【困也今之苦辛是 】