Taxonomy of meanings for 主:

  • zhǔ (OC: tjoʔ MC: tɕio) 之庾切 上 廣韻:【掌也領也典也守也君也説文曰鐙中火主又姓出姓苑之𢈔切五 】
    • HOST
      • na host, person ritually in charge
      • nfigurativehost (BUDDH. one of the central terms in 臨濟's teaching, referring frequently to the teacher, as opposed to 賓 the 'disciple', but more generally also to the 'objectice', as opposed to the 'subjective')
      • npost-Nhost of, leader of
      • generalised>RULER
        • nnonreferentialthe ruler
        • nabfigurativeruling principle
        • nccruler; host; lord/ruler, owner (as being primarily in charge of territories and/or things)
        • npost-N{PLACE}周主
        • npostNpr.post-N{PLACE}趙襄主
        • npostNpr襄主
        • n(post-N)the person in charge (of the contextually determinate N), sometimes used in transferred even more abstract sense: ruling agency, dominant force.
        • npost-Nfigurative"ruler" of the Ns
        • npost-Vindefiniteabstract: a ruler who V-s (with no implied state he is taken to be the ruler of)
        • nadNabnonreferentialthe ruler's
        • n(post-N)ruler of the contextually determinate N
        • n[post-N]the ruler of the lexically determinate main subject of the phrase
        • action>LEAD
          • n(post-N)leader (should perhaps be n(post-N)
          • vtoNpsychbe in charge of (of oneself)
          • specific>MONOPOLISE
            • vtoNmonopolise, take sole charge of
          • specific>POSSESS
            • n(post-N)the possessor/owner of the contextually determinate N
            • npost-Nowner of N
          • specific: agent>CULPRIT
            • n(post-N)culprit
        • action>GOVERN
          • vt+V[0]preside over the V-ing
          • vtoNbe the leader of; be in charge of (tasks), take responsibility for; preside over
          • vtoNfigurativebe in charge of (things not literally governed); preside over
          • specific>CURE
            • vtoNbe mainly designed to cure N
        • feature>IMPORTANT
          • nabmetaphysicalthe most important point; the essential thing, the main thing
          • vadNmain, primary
          • vtoNattitudinalTREAT AS THE MAIN THING> have as one's main concern, give top priority to
          • vtoNputativehave (something) as most important element; depend on (something)
          • v[adN1.]post-N2the most important thing of/for N2
        • specific>PRINCESS
          • npost-Ntitleoccasionally: princess
        • grammaticalised: polite>YOU
          • npronominalyou, my lord; you, my lord and father ZUO
        • metaphorical: spiritual tablet>DOCUMENT
          • ninscribed ancestral tablet placed in temple GULIANG 作喜公主"made an ancestral tablet for Lord Xi"
          • religious: ancestral symbol>SYMBOL
            • nspirit tablet,ancestral tablet; Tablette sur laquelle est inscrit le nom d’un défunt; tablettes des ancêtres 神主