Taxonomy of meanings for 固:

  • gù (OC: kaas MC: kuo) 古暮切 去 廣韻:【堅也一也常也故也四塞也 】
    • solid>HARD
      • vifirm; hard; solid; inflexible; unchangeable
      • psychological>STUBBORN
        • vibe stubborn, fixed in one's ways, inflexible, boorish
        • nabpsychboorish inflexibility
        • vadVinsistently V; firmly
        • action>INSIST
          • vt+V[0]insist to V
          • vadVinsistently, stubbornly
      • psychological>COARSE
        • vibe coarse, unsubtle; unpolished, uncivilised
    • generalised>STRONG
      • nabpsychfirmness
      • vadNfirm; solid
      • vadVfigurativepersistently, in an insisting manner; firmly
      • vibe firm, not to be easily moved; solid and good; secure and unshakeable; be staunch. persistent
      • vifigurativebe firm, be self-assured and unwobbling 甚固
      • vtoNcausativecause to be firm and solid, firm up; strengthen the position of
      • nabfirmness, solidity
      • establish strong relations with>CONTRACT
        • vtoNmake a firm alliance with
        • vt+prep+Nmaintain a close alliance with
      • feature>SAFE
        • vadNwith natural impediments on all four sides, well defended on all sides
        • vadVsafely and firmly
        • vibe well defended; be safe
        • vtoNcausativecause to be well protected against possible attack
        • nab.post-Nsolid safety of N
      • metaphysical>REALITY
        • vadVinherently, inevitably; inherently anyway
        • abstract>CERTAIN
          • vadSnecessarily; certainly; indubitably
          • vadVsurely, doubtlessly; certainly; inherently
          • nadN{PRED}be inherently N; be definitely N
          • vadS1.post-S2then indubitably, then inherently
      • process: harden>CONGEAL
      • =故THEREFORE