Taxonomy of meanings for 造:

  • 造 zào (舊讀cao4) (OC: skhuuɡs MC: tsʰɑu) 七到切 去 廣韻:【至也又昨早切 】 (Taboo-avoiding modern reading?)
    • GO TO
      • vt+prep+Nto go to (a place)
      • vtoNMENG: go to a place (often to attend court or pay a visit to a superior); reach (a place)
      • vttoN1.+N2causativecause N1 to go to N2
    • grammaticalised:SUDDENLY
      • ACHIEVE
        • DEGREE
          • PERIOD
            • NOURISH
              • GENEROUS
                • AUSPICIOUS
                  • nabpromising potential
                • SACRIFICE
                  • viactconduct the zào sacrifice
                  • vt+prep+Noffer the zào sacrifice to N
                • =蹙 cu4
                • =曹 cao2
              • 造 zào (OC: sɡuuʔ MC: dzɑu) 昨早切 上 廣韻:【造作又七到切 】
                • PRODUCE
                  • nobjectproduct (short for 所造)
                  • nabactproduction 造修之具
                  • vadNproduced, created
                  • vt(oN)produce the contextually determinate N
                  • vtoNproduce (fruit etc)
                  • vtoNfigurativeproduce, create (resentment)
                • FAKE
                  • BEGIN
                    • vtoNtake the initiative for something HANSHU 造之者富,隨之者貧也
                  • CREATE
                    • vt(oN)create the contextually determinate N
                    • vtoNmake up; fashion, create; invent QIMINYAOSHU 蔡倫立意造紙
                    • vtoNpassivebe created from/by
                  • WRITE
                    • vtoNcreate a written text > write, compose
                  • BUILD
                    • vtoNpost-Han: arrange for the building of, erect a larger structure, HOUHANSHU 造構
                  • ESTABLISH
                    • ACT
                      • vtoNcommit and be responsible for (crimes etc)
                    • COPULA
                      • vtoNcopulaexist as, become, act as
                    • HURRY
                      • vibe hurried, be rushed
                    • SACRIFICE
                      • viactconduct the zào sacrifice
                      • vt+prep+Noffer the zào sacrifice to N
                    • (Qin and Han)OFFICE
                    • 造 cao1《集韻》倉刀切,平豪清。