Taxonomy of meanings for 請:

  • 請 qǐng (OC: tsheŋʔ MC: tsʰiɛŋ) 七靜切 上 廣韻:【乞也求也問也謁也七靜切又疾盈疾姓二切二 】
    • REQUEST
      • nabactspecial requests; special pleas 左右之請 "special requests from entourage"
      • nabactrequest
      • vadVI BEG YOU TO> please, (do something) 請殺我"please kill me"
      • viactmake (e.g. private/selfish) requests 私請 "make private requests"
      • vt[0]+V[0]performativemay I ask (for myself ) to V> please let me [short and idiomatic for 臣請]
      • vt+prep+Nask for things from N; address a request to (e.g. God); plead with (a ruler) 請于公
      • vt+V[0]{PASS}ask to be V-ed
      • vt+V[0]子犯請擊之"Zǐfàn asked to attack them"ask permission (to do what what one would like to do); [The person whose permission is asked should also be in the structure as being always understood. There are quite a number of such cases. CH]
      • vtoNN=thingask for 請兵 "ask for soldiers"
      • vtoNobject=superiormake a special request to N (saying...)
      • vtoNobject=beneficiaryintercede on behalf of; make a special plea for (someone); plead for 請三帥 "make a plea on behalf of the three generals"
      • vtoNobject=rankto apply for a position N, to request a post of N [DS]
      • vtoNpassivebe requested
      • vtt(oN.)+V[0]request a contextually determinate person to do something
      • vtt(oN1.)(+N2)make a contextually determinate request to a contextually determinate person 復請 "make the same request again"
      • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2make a contextually determinate request (e.g. in the matter of the contextually determinate N1) addressed to N2; intercede on the contextually determinate matter N1 with N2
      • vtt[0]oV[0].postN{PIVOT}N=pivot(I) ask somebody N (to do something)>; please,...
      • vttoN.+V[0]ask N to V
      • vttoN(.+V[0])ask (someone) to do the contextually determinate thing 請樂正子春
      • vttoN1.+N2request (something N1) from (someone N2); 請地他國; ask permission for something N1 from someone N2
      • vttoN1.+prep+N2ask (a something N1) from (an owner N2) 請地於魏
      • vttoN1(.+N2)omplead with someone for someone contextually determinate 請之"plead on his behalf"
      • vttoN.+V[0]pivotask N to V; request N to V
      • vt(oN)intercede on behalf of a contextually determinate person
      • vtt[0]oN.+V[0][I] hereby ask [you] to V
      • vtt[0][oN.]+V[0]may I ask you to V
      • vtt[0]oN.+V[0]let-us!let us
      • viactintercede
      • vt0(oNpro2.) V0Npro2=pivotoverall subject obligatorily understood as npro1 "I": let us V
      • vt V[0] .postnrpo1{SUBJECT}may I ask to V
      • from divinities>PRAY
        • forgiveness from person>APOLOGISE
          • viactapologise; ask for forgiveness, beg for pardon
          • vtoNask forgiveness for 請x之罪
        • object visit from person>INVITE
          • nabactinvitation
          • vadVby invitation 請而見之
          • vtoNinvite politely, invite politely to join one
          • vt(oN.) V
          • object:>VISIT
            • viSJ: pay a visit (to subordinates or superiors)
        • answer from person>ASK
          • vtoNask for information about
          • vtoNN=humanconsult politely
          • vttoN1.+N2ask (someone N1) for information about (a subject N2)
          • vttoN1.+prep+N2ask N2's advice about N1
          • vtoSask about the proposition S
          • making a polite suggestion>SPEAK
            • vt+V[0]suggest (as an inferior) that one should V, beg to V; ask permission (to do something one is offering to do in serving one's superiors);
          • judicial>INTERROGATE
            • authoritative, ask to be given>DEMAND
              • generalised:ADDRESS
                  • specific: with information>REPORT
            • 請 qìng (OC: dzeŋs MC: dziɛŋ) 疾政切 去 廣韻:【延請亦朝請漢官名張禹首爲之又秦盈親井二切 】
            • 請 qíng (OC: dzeŋ MC: dziɛŋ) 疾盈切 平 廣韻:【受也又在性七井二切
              • =情