DEMAND  要求

ADDRESS someone so as to COMMAND that that person ACT:do something.
REQUESTCALLCOMMANDORDERDICTATEULTIMATUMSTIPULATIONCALL FORASK FORREQUESTPUSH FORHOLD OUT FORINSIST ONCLAIM
See also

SEEKREQUEST

Kind Of

ADDRESS

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current word for putting forward justified legal demands on someone is zé 責, and the word refers to any demand for the fulfillment of a duty.

2. Zhēng 徵 refers to a state insisting on its legal rights and thus making demands on the people.

3. Zhū 誅 refers to a fierce legal demand for something that is construed as one's right.

4. Qiú 求 is often used to refer not to seeking something, but insistently demanding it. See also SEEK.

Modern Chinese Criteria

要求 is the current modern word for a demand.

渴求 refers to an urgent demand.

務求 refers to an important demand.

求 (cl)

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

CASSIN 2004 Vocabulaire européen des philosophies. Dictionnaire des intraduisibles 222

CLAIM ANSPRUCH

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

DEMAND

petere refers to asking for anything, whether as request or demand.

poscere refers to demanding something, with decisiveness and with a feeling of right or power.

orare refers to asking for someting in a submissive way.

postulare refers to a wish and a will, without any enhancing accessory notion, as a quiet utterance of the will.

exigere refers to what is put forward as a just claim.

flagitare is to demand something with importunity, in consequences of a passionate and impatient eagerness.

DEMAND

requirere "demand" claims something as a right, assuming that the other party understands and agrees on this right.

desiderare refers to a demand based on feeling, and in particular a desire for the thing demanded, and it is basically the expression of a wish.

DUFOUR 1910 Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques 51

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

EXACTIO

SCHMIDT 1889 Handbuch der lateinischen und griechischen Synonymik 12

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no. 44

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 32
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 17
  • nab : 8
  • VPt+V[0] : 5
  • vt[oN] : 3
  • VPtoN : 2
  • VPt[oN] : 2
  • NPab : 2
  • vttoN.+V[0] : 2
  • vtoV[0] : 1
  • vttoN1(. prep N2) : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • vi : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 21
  • 春秋左傳 : 11
  • 賢愚經 : 9
  • 管子 : 6
  • 說苑 : 5
  • 戰國策 : 4
  • 禮記 : 3
  • 論語 : 3
  • 荀子 : 3
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 2
  • 百喻經 : 2
  • 尹文子 : 1
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 孝經 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1

Words

   qiú OC: ɡu MC: gɨu 25 Attributions
  • nabactdemands
  • vt[oN]make demands
  • vtoNmake demands for
  • vtoNmarriagedemand (wife)
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2make demands (for something N1) from (someone N2)
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2psychseek N1 from (oneself) 求諸己
  • vtoV[0]V=passivedemand to be V-ed
  • vttoN1. prep N2demand to get to know about N2 from N1
   zé OC: skreeɡ MC: ʈʂɣɛk 24 Attributions

The current word for putting forward justified legal demands on someone is zé 責, and the word refers to any demand for the fulfillment of a duty.

  • vt+prep+Nmake demands on 責於
  • vtoNmake demands concerning (performance of duty)
  • vtoNpassivebe held responsible for, be exposed to demands
  • vttoN.+V[0]pivotdemand of someone to V
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2demand N1 from N2 責賂於鄭
  • vtoNN=hummake demands (on a person)
  • vttoN1(. prep N2)figurativeabstract: demand N1 from the contextually determinate N2
求索   qiú suǒ OC: ɡu saaɡ MC: gɨu sɑk 9 Attributions
  • NPabactdemands of all kinds
  • VPt+V[0]demand to V
  • VPtoNdemand (e.g. for marriage)
   zhēng OC: tɯŋ MC: ʈɨŋ 8 Attributions

Zhēng 徵 refers to a state insisting on its legal rights and thus making demands on the people.

  • nabactdemand
  • vtoNdemand (evidence, knowledge etc)???; (of states) demand, require (taxes etc)
債 / 責   zhài OC: skreeɡs MC: ʈʂɣɛ zé OC: skreeɡ MC: ʈʂɣɛk 2 Attributions
  • vt[oN]zé demand repayment of debt
   yāo OC: qew MC: ʔiɛu 2 Attributions
  • vtoNN=humanmake demands on
   zhū OC: to MC: ʈi̯o 2 Attributions

Zhū 誅 refers to a fierce legal demand for something that is construed as one's right.

  • vttoN1.+prep+N2demand (something N1) from (someone N2) 誅屨於徒人費
往債   wǎng zhài OC: ɢʷaŋʔ skreeɡs MC: ɦi̯ɐŋ ʈʂɣɛ 2 Attributions
  • VPt[oN]go somewhere to demand repayment of debt
   kè OC: khɯɯɡ MC: khək 1 Attribution
  • vtoNmake harsh demands upon
  • vtoNpsychmake hard demands upon (oneself); be harsh on (oneself)
   nù OC: naas MC: nuo̝ 1 Attribution
  • viactbe fierce in making demands and holding people responsible for what they have promised
   zé 1 Attribution
  • vtoNfigurativeinsist on finding out about; demand to fully understand

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: