Taxonomy of meanings for 還:

  • xuán (OC: sɢʷen MC: zʷiɛn) 似宣切 平 廣韻:【還返 】
  • huán (OC: ɡʷraan MC: ɦʷɯan) 戶關切 平 廣韻:【反也退也顧也復也戸關切又音旋二十 】
    • TURN BACK
      • vi-Vturn back so as to V
      • viactturn to one side, make a detour; veer to one side; turn round again
      • viactmake an about turn and withdraw, turn back, head back; turn round in order to withdraw or return to where one comes from, or retrace one's steps
      • vtoNturn so as to make a loop round so as to avoid entering
      • turn head and>LOOK
        • from action: desist>STOP
          • vistop, cease
        • resultative>RETURN
          • viactturn round; be on one's way back; having turned back (and being thus on one's way back)
          • vt[oN]get back, return home
          • vt+prep+Nfromreturn from, be on one's way back from
          • vtoNturn round in the direction of (the mud etc);BUDDH: return to
          • vtoNcausativeorder to return, lead to draw back and return, lead into a withdrawal, send back
          • vtoNfigurativereturn to (an abstract place); revert to
          • vtoNperfectivereturn to the place N (in pre-Han this meaning seems to be quite rare and is expressed by 反 "go back", or 歸 "return where you belong"
          • vt[oN]figurativereturn (to the right ways)
          • vadV
          • mentally>REMEMBER
            • abstract: recurrently>HAPPEN
              • vi(of seasons or occasions) happen again, recur
            • causative>GIVE BACK
              • vt(oN)to give back (a contextually determinate N); to repay (money)
              • vtoNgive back
              • vtt(oN1.)+N2give the contextually determinate N1 back to N2
              • vttoN1(.+prep+N2)return N1 to the contextually determinate N2
            • causative>REPAIR
              • vadVby way of restoring something to its original shape
          • abstract>REACT
            • vadVin return, in response; at once in return
            • linguistically: reply>ANSWER
            • abstract>CONTRARY
              • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
          • háiSTILL
            • vadNREAD hái. Colloquial reading not in 廣韻: still TAO YUANMING
            • after interruption>AGAIN
              • vadVagain (to be read hái since when???)
            • contrastive>NONETHELESS
              • vadVREAD hái nonetheless, in spite of this; all the same (sometimes very weak in meaning); in spite of everything, after all cf. 卻
          • hái degree>MORE
            • =xuán 旋REVOLVE
              • viprocess
              • vadVfigurativeon the contrary turning in upon oneself
              • xuánQUICK
                  • grammaticalised>IMMEDIATELY
                    • vadVimmediately, without delay
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