Taxonomy of meanings for 通:

  • tōng (OC: kh-looŋ MC: tʰuŋ) 他紅切 平 廣韻:【逹也三禮圖曰通天冠一名髙山冠上之所服也亦州名本漢宕渠縣内有地萬餘頃因名爲萬州後魏以萬州居四達之路改爲通州又姓出姓苑他紅切九 】
    • REACH
      • vtoNlead directly to, reach all the way to
      • vtt(oN1.) prep N2cause the contextually determinate N1 to reach/connect with N2
      • vtt(oN1.) prep N2cause the contextually determinate N1 to reach/connect with N2
      • nabfigurativereaching one's aims, getting through with one's efforts
      • vtoNreach across
      • vtoNcausativecause N to cut through so as to reach the aim
      • vt+prep+Nfigurativereach up to
      • act>ARRIVE
        • viget through (of a way, as opposed to sè 塞 "be blocked");
        • vt(oN)get through to a contextually determinate place
        • vtoNcausativecause to arrive, cause to get through; allow to pass through
        • mutual>INTERACT
          • vt.post-VtoNinteract, have relations with 與之通
          • specific>EXCHANGE
            • vicirculate; be exchanged (like goods)
            • vtoNexchange
            • specific>COPULATE
              • nabactsexual intercourse [examples???]
              • vtoNhave sexual relations with
              • vtpost-.VtoNcopulate with 與之通
              • vt+prep+Nhave sexual relations with
        • so as to enter everywhere>PENETRATE
          • vtoNpenetrate, pierce
          • penetrating everywhere>COMMON
              • grammaticalised>EVERYWHERE
                • vadNuniversal, current
                • vadVeverywhere; universally
                • vt+prep+Npervade everything in (a place)
            • abstract: adverbial>COMPLETE
              • vadVpervasively, completely; collectively; in general
              • action: comprehensive>INVESTIGATE
                • vtoNmake a pervasive study of, get to the bottom of
            • perfective: thoroughly>UNDERSTAND
              • nab.post-V{NUM}kinds of thorough understanding
              • nabpertinent understanding> powerful understanding
              • vadNknowledgeable, of broad learning; educated
              • viobject=diffuseto understand things thoroughly; to have penetrated deeply into a matter
              • vt+prep+Nhave a full understanding of; understand properly; have a precise understanding of
              • vt+prep+Npsychhave a proper understanding of (oneself/one's own N)
              • vtoNhave thorough knowledge of, see to the bottom of, have a full understanding of
              • vtoNchangeget generally known
              • vtoNcausativeto make N understand, to enlighten N
              • vt[oN]changecome to understand things thoroughly
            • permissive: allowing one to penetrate into>OPEN
              • so as to leave the other side> >CROSS OVER
              • grammaticalised: resulting from interaction>BECAUSE
                • vtoN(.adV)because of
            • abstract>SUCCEED
              • nabactsuccess
              • viactsucceed, win through
              • vistatebe successful
              • vadNsuccessful
          • causative>TRANSMIT
              • linguistic> cause message to reach others>REPORT
                • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2report to N1 the fact N2
              • to a superior>HAND UP
                • vtt(oN1.)+N2hand up N1 to N2
            • [medieval]FORGIVE