Taxonomy of meanings for 近:

  • jìn (OC: ɡɯns MC: ɡɨn) 巨靳切 去 廣韻:【附也巨靳切又巨隱切一 】
  • jìn (OC: ɡɯnʔ MC: ɡɨn) 其謹切 上 廣韻:【迫也幾也其謹切又其靳切二 】
    • 其謹切上 jìnNEAR
      • nabconceptcloseness
      • nabstativecloseness of relationship
      • v[adN]nonreferentialone who is close at hand; what is near
      • vadNclose at hand, near one; concretely
      • vadNgradedcloser at hand
      • vadSclose at hand
      • vadVclose at hand; concretely
      • vi(spatial) be close, near; be a small distance
      • vifigurativebe (emotionally) close 最近
      • vt(oN)(temporal) be close (in time) to the contextually determinate object
      • vt(oN)figurativecome close to the relevant point
      • vt(oN)figurativekeep close to a contextually determinate person
      • vt+prep+Nspacebe situated close to
      • vt+prep+Nfigurativecome close to, be close to, keep close to (something abstract, e.g. Goodness)
      • vtoNfigurativeapproximate
      • vtoNfigurativecome close to (something abstract like humaneness)
      • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
      • vtoNstativebe situated close to; keep close to
      • vtoNabstracttry to keep close to (psychologically), try to keep close to
      • vt( prep N)be close to the contextually determinate N
      • vadVgetting close to in space
      • time>RECENT
        • vadNrecent (times)
        • specific>NOW
          • nabtimethe present time
          • vadNrecent; present
          • vadVin recent times, recently
        • general expectations>ORDINARY
        • subject: who dwells near>NEIGHBOUR
          • vadNof the neighbourhood, living nearby
      • 巨靳切去 jìn derivation by tone change: transitivisation>APPROACH
        • vt(oN)get anywhere near a contextually determinate object
        • vt+prep+Nget close to
        • vtoNcome close to
        • vtoNfigurativeverge towards, be inclined towards; cultivate the company of, cultivate close personal relations with
        • vtoNgradedcome closer and closer to
        • metaphorical: relation to>INTIMATE
          • nabactthe cultivation of intimate relations with others
          • vtoNcultivate intimate or close relations with; manage to establish close relations with
          • vtoNfigurativetake a close interrest in
          • v[adN]N=humthose who are close
          • vt+prep+Nbe on close terms with, be "close" to
          • vadNpsychologicalclosely allied, closely related
          • intensitive>FAVOURITE
            • vtoNchangecultivate the company or friendship of; become a close adviser to, be a member of the immediate entourage of; get politically close to
          • abstractly>RESEMBLE
            • vtoNfigurativebe figuratively close to> be closely similar to, be similar to
            • grammaticalised> PROBABLY