Taxonomy of meanings for 臣:

  • chén (OC: ɡjiŋ MC: dʑin) 植鄰切 平 廣韻:【伏也男子賤稱春秋説曰正氣爲帝間氣爲臣孝經説曰臣者堅也 】
    • SERVANT
      • nservant, employee 家臣
      • nadVanalogylike a servant, as a servant
      • specifically:PRISONER
        • n(not necessarily enslaved) prisoner
        • specifically: male>SLAVE
        • specifically>MINISTER
          • n(post-N)minister of the contextually determinate superordinate person
          • nservant, public servant; minister
          • nnonreferentialthe minister in general, ministers in general
          • nadVas a minister
          • viactact as a minister should
          • vichangebecome a minister
          • vtoNserve N as minister
          • vtoNattitudinaltreat like a minister, treat as a minister
          • vtoNcausativegain as a minister; make into a minister; take as a servant
          • nabconceptministerhood, role of a minister
          • n[post-N]somebody's minister
          • n(post-N)definite: the ministers of the contextually determinate N
          • n(post-N){PRED}be the minister of the contextually determinate N
          • n{PRED}be a servant, public servant; minister
      • grammaticalised>EGO
        • n[post-npro2.][post=npro1]I, your servant (not necessarily minister or even official); I your son(!!!)
        • n[post-npro2.][post=npro1:]=NprI, NN 臣斯
        • n[post-npro2.][post=npro1:]postVtme, your servant
        • n[post-npro2.][post=npro1:]adNyour humble servant's
        • political>SUBJECT
          • ncitizen-subject, subject
          • nfigurativesomething which is subservient or subject to something else
          • vtoNcausativecause to be one's servant> make one's servant; have as a servant, dominate, control
          • npost-NN's subject
          • causative: coerce so as to become subject>CONQUER
            • vtoNcausativecause to be subservient, reduce to vassal status, subdue
            • vtoNcausativebe subdued
        • action>SERVE
          • viactbehave as a subservient subject, show proper obedience
          • vt+prep+Nact as subservient to
          • vtoNdeclare one's subservience to; behave as a vassal to; be a subject of; serve as minister or servant
          • vt(oN)serve as a subject to the contextually determinate N
          • nabactloyal service, proper obedience of a subservient subject