Taxonomy of meanings for 都:

  • 都 dū (OC: k-laa MC: tuo) 當孤切 平 廣韻:【都猶揔也尚書大傳十邑爲都帝王丗紀曰天子所宫曰都又姓有臨晉侯都稽何氏姓苑云今吴興人當孤切七 】
    • CAPITAL CITY
      • nenfeoffed city; administrative centre (of a district); by Han times: capital of a kingdom within the empire; the reference is frequently to a capital: 宋都 would appear to refer to the capital of Sòng and not to any city or administrative centre of of Sòng.
      • npost=Nprthe capital city of Npr
      • vtoN{PLACE}make (a place) one's capital; have one's capital in Npl
      • city with a feudal ancestral shrine>CITY
        • nmajor administrative and ritual centre, local centre at the lower administrative level immediately below the state capital
        • area under administration from a city>REGION
        • gather into one>COLLECT
          • urbane>BEAUTIFUL
            • nabfeaturebeauty
            • v[adN]the fair one
            • vadNstately (courtyard)??
            • viurbanely beautiful; be beautiful in a refined way; stately, imposing
        • later read dou1:ALL
          • vadVall (the objects)
          • vadVreference=subjectall the subjects
          • in every way, completely, utterly>INTENSELY
            • padV{NEG}completely (often with negatives: not at all)
            • padVcompletely, utterly
            • late: already completely>ALREADY
              • padValready (when first attested?)
          • at all times, forever>ENDURING
            • padVforever
        • mathemantical technical term>ABSTRACT
          • vadNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: superordinate general, abstract (as in 都術 "dominant, i.e. general procedure (not limited to specific kind of mathematical case)"JZ 8.1, Liu Hui's comm. (possibly even Li Chunfeng) 此都術也。以空言難曉。 "This is a universal/general procedure, and it is hard to understand on the basis of general discourse (without a concrete paradigm)."In JZ 2.0 the main text begins 今有, and the commentary explains 此都術也。 "This is a main procedure (in the art of calculation)."