Taxonomy of meanings for 位:

  • 位 wèi (OC: ɢrubs MC: ɦʷɯi) 于愧切 去 廣韻:【正也列也莅也中庭之左右謂之位于愧切一 】
    • PLACE
      • nfigurativeplace, proper place
      • nabposition in the terrain, location
      • nabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: position of numbers represented by counting rods on the calculating surface. JZ 8.3: 各從其位 "each in accordance with its place on the calculating surface". JZ 1.16, comm. Li Chunfeng: 列位無常 "for the allocation of (numbers of) positions on the calculating surface there is no invariant pattern". Thus " position" in this technical sense may on be defined along varying parameters: on the one hand the position may be concrete, on the calculating surface, versus abstract in the system of decimals. On the other hand, whenever a mathematical procedure is defined in relation to any pattern of numbers inscribed on the calculating surface, any position in that pattern may be referred to as a wèi 位. In fact, the technical "decimal" meaning of 位 derives from the more general "placement" meaning of 位. It turns out that 等 is the sub-class of vertical fields or columns. This enables us to distinguish between 位 "abstract place" and 等 "vertical row, column in the abstract", and 行 "concrete column of numbers". Being a kind of 位, the 等 can be referred to as a 位 and often is in later texts.By extension, 位 may be used as a general term (by Li Chunfeng) to refer to the number that occupies the given position rather than to the position itelf, in which case the word is used as a non-contrastive variable.
      • vtoNmiddle voicebe apportioned a proper place
      • object: what you do to a place>BE IN
        • specifically>STAND
          • vt+prep+Nhave one's position (somewhere) 位於前 "have one's position up front"
          • causative>FIX
            • vtoNapportion a proper place
          • object: what you sit in>SEAT
            • nthe place for a person to sit on, typically a place which indicates the incumbent's status or rank; specifically: ruler's seat
            • nab.post-Nposition of an N
            • in hierarchy, at court, expecially high>RANK
              • nab.adVin rank
              • nabfigurativerank > stage, level (of development, attainment, etc.)
              • nabsocial(abstract:) (social) position, or seat in the hierarchy (high or low)
              • nabconcreteone's concrete rank in the hierarchy; respectable formal position in society
              • nabdefiniteconcrete relative position in society
              • nab.post-Nthe post/rank of N
              • nab.post-Nsocialposition in the hierarchy
              • highest rank: member of imperial family>EMPEROR
                • mathematical technical term: rank in the number grid>NUMBER
                • social, function>OFFICE
                    • feature attaching to>POWER
                      • nabsocialhigh official rank; position of power; specifically: ruler's position
                    • generalised abstract>ROLE
                      • nabsocialsocial role
          • 位 li4《集韻》力至切,去至來。微部。
            • =立 "stand"