Taxonomy of meanings for 他:

  • 他 tā (OC: lʰaal MC: tʰɑ) 託何切 平 廣韻:【俗佗今通用 】
  • 他 tā (OC: lʰaal MC: tʰɑ) 託何切 平 廣韻:【非我也亦虜三字姓後魏書佗駱拔氏後改爲駱氏託何切七 】
    • OTHER
      • npro.adNother; others'; someone else's
      • npro.postVtsomething else; another reason
      • nprocataphoricsomething else than follows; another reason than the following one:
      • nprosomething else
      • nproindefiniteother persons
      • npro.postVthumansomeone else
      • nadNother (not: someone else's! Reexamine the cases below)
      • nprohumanonly 他:{someone else
      • npro.adNidiom'other': this is an idiomatic usage of tā in medieval texts, marking the object as something not desired by the speaker, something which is contrary to his intention; this usage is very particular and seems to mark something the speaker wants to distance himself/herself from; often put in contrast to the "desired" object; this usage of tā deserves a more detailed analysis
      • grammaticalised>THIRD PERSON PRONOUNS
        • npro.adNhis; her
        • npro.postVtanimalthem (the pronoun substituting animals)
        • nprohumanhim
        • nprohumanit
        • nprohumanhe
        • nprosingularit
        • nproobjectit
        • npro.postVthim/her
        • npropivothe/she/it
        • adnominal>THIS
          • npro.adNweak "this" HYDCD: 虛指
          • generalised>INDEFINITE ARTICLE
            • npro.adNan N
          • plural>THEY
            • nprosubjectthey (inanimate)
            • npro.adNtheir