Taxonomy of meanings for 敗:

  • 敗 bài (OC: praads MC: bɯai) 薄邁切 去 廣韻:【敗籀文 】
  • 敗 bài (OC: braads MC: bɯai) 薄邁切 去 廣韻:【自破曰敗説文毀也薄邁切又北邁切四 】
    • (passive)>DESTROY
      • nabpassivedestruction, ruin
      • vtoNfigurativeto ruin (also abstract things, e.g. the legal system)
      • vtoNpassivebe physically ruined, be wrecked, be destroyed
      • vtoNmiddle voiceget destroyed
      • (passive) figurative>OFFEND
        • vtoNtransferred: offend against, fly in the face of (teachings etc)
      • natural causes>ROTTEN
        • vadNgone-off, rotten
        • vichangego bad (as of meat)
        • viperfectiveresultative: have gone bad and be stinking (as of meat)
        • vtoNcausativecause to become rotten > ruin
        • exocentric: rotten>FOOD
          • generalised>DISASTER
              • moral>BAD
                • vadNfigurativerotten> depraved, good-for-nothing
            • specific>WITHER
                • figurative>TIRED
                  • vadNworn-out
            • (passive) in battle>DEFEAT
              • nabactread braads: defeat, failure
              • vipassiveread braads: be defeated, suffer defeat
              • vtoNread praads: inflict defeat on
              • vtoNallowread braads: allow oneself to be defeated
              • vt(oN)causativeread braads: cause to be defeated
              • vtoNcausativeread praads: defeat (oneself)
              • vtoNmiddle voiceread braads: be defeated; suffer defeat
              • vtoNpassiveread braads: be defeated by N 再敗楚師 "be defeated by the Chu army for a second time" (Many ATTRIBUTIONS NEED TO BE MOVED TO FAIL)
              • vtpost.npro:+prep+Npermissiveread braads: allow (oneself) to be defeated by N 自敗於秦
              • nab(.post-N)one's defeat
              • generalised>FAIL
                • nabeventfailure
                • vieventfail; come to fail in one's undertakings
                • vtoNcausativecause (one's own army) to fail; cause the failure of (a plan or a strategy)
        • 敗 bài (OC: praads MC: pɯai) 補邁切 去 廣韻:【破他曰敗補邁切又音唄一 】
          • active, in battle>DEFEAT
            • nabactread braads: defeat, failure
            • vipassiveread braads: be defeated, suffer defeat
            • vtoNread praads: inflict defeat on
            • vtoNallowread braads: allow oneself to be defeated
            • vt(oN)causativeread braads: cause to be defeated
            • vtoNcausativeread praads: defeat (oneself)
            • vtoNmiddle voiceread braads: be defeated; suffer defeat
            • vtoNpassiveread braads: be defeated by N 再敗楚師 "be defeated by the Chu army for a second time" (Many ATTRIBUTIONS NEED TO BE MOVED TO FAIL)
            • vtpost.npro:+prep+Npermissiveread braads: allow (oneself) to be defeated by N 自敗於秦
            • nab(.post-N)one's defeat
            • active, transitive: generalised>DESTROY
              • nabpassivedestruction, ruin
              • vtoNfigurativeto ruin (also abstract things, e.g. the legal system)
              • vtoNpassivebe physically ruined, be wrecked, be destroyed
              • vtoNmiddle voiceget destroyed
            • causative, figurative: reduce to chatoic state>CHAOS
              • bureaucratic>DEMOTE
                • (late collouqial) generalised>REMOVE