Taxonomy of meanings for 業:

  • 業 yè (OC: ŋab MC: ŋiɐp) 魚怯切 入 廣韻:【事也大也敘也次也始也敬也嚴也説文作𢄁大版也所以飾縣鐘鼓捷業如鋸齒以白畫之象其鉏鋙相承也詩曰巨業維樅又爾雅曰大版謂之業郭璞云築牆版也俗作㸣魚怯切十五 】
    • ACHIEVE
        • grammaticalised>ALREADY
          • innovating>CREATE
              • WORK
                • nabactprofession, professional work, trade; professional tasks; performance of one's duties, professional achievements
                • viactengage in serious educational activity or study
                • official>OFFICE
                  • ninherited occupation; professional occupation (high or low)
              • STRIVE FOR
                • nabsocialmain purpose in public life, main professional aim; main mission; inherited professional aim
                • what one has striven for>ASSET
                  • nmproperty; inheritance
              • generalised>BEGIN
                • meritorious>KARMA
                  • nabmetaphysicalkarma
                  • nadNkarmic
                  • generalised>ACT
                    • nab.adNactBUDDH: karmic; created by karma
                    • nabact(major) undertaking, enterprise; project
                    • nabactBUDDH: skr. karma; pali kamma (lit. action, deed of karmic significance)This is agency which brings forth 'existence' (yǒu 有 ) and is in turn caused by mental defilements (usually 'craving' (tṛṣṇā) and 'ignorance' (avidyā)); the concept of karma in India predates the emergence of Buddhism, but was somewhat redefined in Buddhism and Śākyamuni was said to have put much emphasis on the law of moral causality which is determined by one's actions; karma is often subdivided in three kind of actions: physical, shēnyè 身業, skr. kāya-karman, PALI kāya-kamma; verbal, kǒuyè 口業, SANSKRIT vāk-karman, PALI vacī-kamma; mental, yìyè 意業, skr. manas-karma, PALI mano-kamma, mental karma is sometims also referred to as 'non-manifest' or 'latent' action (skr. avijñapti, PALI aviññatti, wúbiǎoyè 無表業; another method of classifying karma is according to the nature of the actions, i.e. 'wholesome deeds', shànyè 善業, SANSKRIT kuśala-karman, PALI kusala-kamma; and 'evil deeds', èyè 惡業, skr. pāpa-karman, pali pāpa-kammaFocusing on the destiny after death which are caused by one's actions, karma is divided into fúyè 福業, 'meritorious actions' (skr. puṇya, pali puñña), and demeritorious actions, fēifúyè 非福業, skr. apuṇya, pali apuñña)(Actions which lead to rebirth in the three realms, sānjiè 三界 (including good and bad actions) are referred to as 'defiled actions' yǒulòuyè 有漏業, skr. sāsrava-karman; by contrast there are 'undefiled actions', wúlòuyè 無漏業, skr. anāsrava-karman (often referring to the actions of a Bodhisattva; in the case of Buddha one speaks of fóshì 佛事, 'Buddha-deeds', skr. buddha-kāryaThe concept of karma is further complicated by the question who and what transmigrates, since in Buddhism the existence of an entity surviving death is denied (one of the later approaches to solve thia aporia was the assumption of a 'storehouse-consciousness', ālaya-vijñāna by the Yogācāra School
                    • nadVBUDDH: through deeds, caused by deeds
                    • vtoNactundertake, decide to do
                    • CONTINUE
                      • vtoNcontinue the tradition of, inherit
                      • cause to continue tradition>TEACH
                        • nabmethodmethod taught (by a master); teaching
            • BEAM
                • BOARD
                    • STATIONARY
                      • na large bǎn 版. In post-Qin times, yè 業 is not used to designate stationary.
                • =隉DANGER
                • 業 yè (OC: ŋab MC: ŋiɐp) 魚怯切 入 廣韻:【見業注 】