Taxonomy of meanings for 受:

  • shòu (OC: djuʔ MC: dʑiu) 殖酉切 上 廣韻:【容納也承也盛也得也繼也殖酉切五 】
  • dào (OC: tuus MC: tɑu) 都導切 去 廣韻:【姓也出河内 】
    • RECEIVE
      • vadNpassivereceived
      • vt(oN)omreceive (a contextually determined N)
      • vtoNOBI: receive, get, obtain through the cooperation of others
      • vtoNfigurativereceive (worship etc) (Note the link to the passive constructions with this verb!)
      • vtoNpassivebe received
      • vttoN1.+N2receive N1 from N2 受之父母
      • vttoN1.+N2N1=giverreceive N2 from N1
      • vttoN1.+prep+N2receive N1 from N2
      • vtoNN = giver: receive, get, obtain from N
      • instruction on>STUDY
        • vtoNreceive instruction on 受尚書 "receive instruction on the Documents"
        • vttoN1.+N2receive instruction on N1 from N2 受經於仲尼 "receive instruction on the classics from Confucius"
      • negative>SUFFER
        • vto:Nab[.post-N]continuativesuffer; be at the receiving end of
        • vto:Nab[.post-N]suffer (not quite grammaticalised into the synonym group PASSIVE MARKER)
        • vtoNabsuffer (punishment etc)
        • vtoNexpose oneself to the danger of; accept the negative impact of
        • grammaticalised:>PASSIVE MARKER
          • vtoN.adVN=agentmarking the agent in passive constructions
          • vtoNab(receive>) be on the receiving end of Nab-ing 受公仲侈之怨也(!)
    • positive, object>PROFIT
      • vtoNpassivebe the source of profit received; be profited from
      • desirable object>OBTAIN
        • vtoNobtain (fame etc) get (something desirable that is given to one)
        • not refuse>ACCEPT
          • vt(oN)accept the contextually determinate thing
          • vt(oN)accept ( a contextually determinate object)
          • vtoNaccept (and, in case of an order, obey);
          • vtoNfigurativewelcome;
          • vtoNobject=negativeaccept (responsibility/guilt)
          • vtoNpassiveget accepted (of advice)
          • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2omaccept a contextually determinate thing N1 or behaviour from (a source N2)
          • vttoN1.+N2accept N1 from N2
          • vttoN1.+prep+N2receive N1 from N2
          • vtt[oN1.] N2accept things from someone
      • physiological>PERCEIVE
        • vtoNperceive
        • nabpsychBudhh: perception
        • psychological>FEEL
          • nabbuddhistBUDDH: sensations; perception (of impressions by the senses), feeling (as reaction to the stimulation of the sense organs) (the second skandha, see wǔyīn 五陰; there are three basic mental reactions to the sense impressions, see sānshòu 三受); SANSKRIT vedanā [[CA]
          • vtoNfeel; experience
        • action: appropriate response>REACT
          • vtoNreact to; react appropriately to
    • derivation by tone change(sic!)> =shòu 授GIVE
      • vttoN1.+N2hand over (something N2) to (someone N1); confer (something N2) upon (someone N1)
      • vt(oN)make presents, confer something on others
      • vihand something over
      • vttoN1+.vtoN2transfer (something N2) to (someone N1) 授之以政
      • vtt(oN1.)+N2hand over/give the contextually determinate thing N1 to N2
      • vtt(oN1.)-vtoN2give N2 to contextually determinate recipients N1
      • vttoN1.+N2figurativegive (an abstract object/task etc)
      • vttoN1(.+N2)give N1 to the contextually determinate N2