Taxonomy of meanings for 哀:

  • āi (OC: qɯɯl MC: ʔəi) 烏開切 平 廣韻:【悲哀也又姓漢有哀章烏開切六 】
    • MOURNING
      • nabactmourning
      • v[adN]person in mourning 一哀
      • vadNmourning (person) 哀子"mourning son"
      • vt(oN)grief for a contextually determinate person; vocally and publically display commendable and genuine grief about something other than death; feel and show commendable deep sadness
      • viactgrieve demonstratively; show the proper grief of someone bereaved
      • vtoNshow one's grief about something as a sign of mourning
      • vtoNpassivebe mourned for with genuine grief
      • generalised>GRIEF
        • nab.post-V{NUM}bout of grief 一哀
        • nabpsychdeeply felt comendable grief; proper grief
        • nabsituationgrievous state of affairs
        • vadNgrief-stricken 哀色
        • vadVgrievingly; in lamentation
        • vibe (or sound) mournful or grief-stricken; show genuine feelings of grief 哭之哀 "lamented for him and show real grief" is idiomatic, and it is tempting to think of this āi 哀 as adverbial, although there is nothing to prove the point
        • visubj=nonhumanbe expressive of grief
        • vt(oN)feel grief with respect to
        • vtoNfeel grief concerning
        • vtoNcausativecause (someone) to be stricken by grief
        • vtoNPab{S}be sad about, grieve about
        • v[adN]a grievous matter
        • NPabpsychgrief in general, all kinds of grief
        • VPtoNmourn for, grieve over
        • visubject=nonhumanbe grievous, lamentable (of state of affairs)
        • grammaticalised:ALAS
          • resulting speech act>REQUEST
            • specific, grieve with>CONSOLE
              • vtoNcondole with
              • specific>CONDOLE
                • vtoNcondole with
            • generalised>WORRY
              • nccintense worry
              • viworry intensely
              • vtoNPab{S}consider as grievous and sad (a matter of the past or the present)
              • psychological, specific>SYMPATHY
                • nabpsychsympathy
                • vt(oN)show compassion for the contextually determinate N
                • vtoNstativefeel sympathy and compassion for; feel deep concern for
                • vtoNPab{S}have sympathy in connection with the fact that S
                • generalised: be fond of>LIKE
                  • vtoNbe fond of 各哀其所生 "all are fond of what they are born from"