Taxonomy of meanings for 降:

  • 降 jiàng (OC: kruums MC: kɯɔŋ) 古巷切 去 廣韻:【下也歸也落也又音缸伏也 】
    • FALL
      • vifall (as rain)
      • vieventdescend from heaven (the dew of the dharma etc)
      • n[adN]what falls/goes down ant. 升
      • of flying creatures>DIE
        • causative>SEND DOWN
          • vtoNsend down; give birth to; produce
          • vtoNfigurativesend (figuratively) down
          • vtoNfigurativebe sent down (do a place)
          • vttoN1.+N2send down a disposable item N2 to recipient/recipient N1 (I think I have seen this, but am unable to retrieve the example)
          • vttoN1.+prep+N2send N1 down to N2
          • vtoN.+Vpassivebe sent down to V
        • causative>DEMOTE
            9
            • social: marry off daughter to person of lower status>MARRY
              • causative> social: reduce to humble status>HUMBLE
                • vigradedbe lower (e.g. rank, as of a guest compared to a host); show proper humility
                • vtoNcausativecause to be humble and submissive
              • physically>TAKE OFF
                • vtoN(lower and>) take off (clothes)3
            • action>DESCEND
              • vadNdescending
              • viactdescend, go down
              • viprocessgo down
              • vt+prep+Ndescend on, alight on (a tree etc)
              • vt+prep+Nfigurativedescend from> be issued from, issue from a higher position
              • vtoNcausativecause to descend
              • vtoNcausativecause to go down> lower (one's aspirations etc)
              • vtoNextentdescend>decline by the extent N
              • vtoNN=extentdescend (e. g. by such and such a number of steps
              • vtoNobject=goaldescend to (a place)
              • vtoNobject=sourceget down from, go down from
            • figurative: descend into this world>BIRTH
              • videscend into this world (and be born)
            • grammaticlised: space>UNDER
                • grammaticalised: time>AFTER
                    13.1
            • 降 xiáng (OC: ɡruum MC: ɦɯɔŋ) 下江切 平 廣韻:【降伏又古巷切 】
              • SURRENDER
                • nsurrendering; a surrender
                • vadNsurrendered, who have surrendered
                • viactsurrender to others; submit to others (really the category should be vt[oN]!)
                • vtoNsurrender to
                • vt(oN)surrender to the contextually determinate N
                • causative>CONQUER
                  • vtoNcausativecause to surrender
                  • vtoNpassivebe brought down; be conquered
                  • causative: make peaceful>PEACEFUL
                    • vicalm down
            • 降 xiang4 《集韻》胡降切,去絳,匣。